Characteristics of Cefotaxime-Resistant Escherichia coli from Wild Birds in The Netherlands

K.T. Veldman, P. Tulden, A. Kant, J.J. Testerink, D.J. Mevius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cloacal swabs from carcasses of Dutch wild birds obtained in 2010 and 2011 were selectively cultured on media with cefotaxime to screen for the presence of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)/AmpC-producing Escherichia coli. Subsequently, all cefotaxime-resistant E. coli isolates were tested by broth microdilution and microarray. The presence of ESBL/AmpC and coexisting plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) genes was confirmed by PCR and sequencing. To determine the size of plasmids and the location of ESBL and PMQR genes, S1 pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was performed on transformants, followed by Southern blot hybridization. The study included 414 cloacal swabs originating from 55 different bird species. Cefotaxime-resistant E. coli isolates were identified in 65 birds (15.7%) from 21 different species. In all, 65 cefotaxime-resistant E. coli ESBL/AmpC genes were detected, mainly comprising variants of bla(CTX-M) and bla(CMY-2). Furthermore, PMQR genes [aac(6')-lb-cr, qnrB1, and qnrS1] coincided in seven cefotaxime-resistant E. coli isolates. Overall, replicon typing of the ESBL/AmpC-carrying plasmids demonstrated the predominant presence of IncI1 (n = 31) and variants of IncF (n = 18). Our results indicate a wide dissemination of ESBL and AmpC genes in wild birds from The Netherlands, especially among aquatic-associated species (waterfowl, gulls, and waders). The identified genes and plasmids reflect the genes found predominantly in livestock animals as well as in humans.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)7556-7561
JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
Volume79
Issue number24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • spectrum-beta-lactamase
  • extended-spectrum
  • antibiotic-resistance
  • natural reserve
  • ctx-m
  • salmonella
  • plasmids
  • gulls
  • enterobacteriaceae
  • environments

Cite this