Characterisation of cell wall polysaccharides from rapeseed (Brassica napus) meal

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Abstract

To enable structural characteristics of individual cell wall polysaccharides from rapeseed (Brassica napus) meal (RSM) to be studied, polysaccharide fractions were sequentially extracted. Fractions were analysed for their carbohydrate (linkage) composition and polysaccharide structures were also studied by enzymatic fingerprinting. The RSM fractions analysed contained pectic polysaccharides: homogalacturonan in which 60% of the galacturonic acid residues are methyl-esterified, arabinan branched at the O-2 position and arabinogalactan mainly type II. This differs from characteristics previously reported for Brassica campestris meal, another rapeseed cultivar. Also, in the alkali extracts hemicelluloses were analysed as xyloglucan both of the XXGG- and XXXG-type decorated with galactosyl, fucosyl and arabinosyl residues, and as xylan with O-methyl-uronic acid attached. The final residue after extraction still contained xyloglucan and remaining (pectic) polysaccharides next to cellulose, showing that the cell wall matrix of RSM is very strongly interconnected
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1650-1656
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume98
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • campestris polysaccharides
  • nonstarch polysaccharides
  • structural-characterization
  • aspergillus-aculeatus
  • liquid-chromatography
  • rhamnogalacturonan-i
  • pectic substances
  • purification
  • xyloglucan
  • oligosaccharides

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