Changes in DNa and microtubules during loss and re-establishment of desiccation tolerance in germinating Medicago truncatula seeds

J.M.R. Faria, J. Buitink, A.A.M. van Lammeren, H.W.M. Hilhorst

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Desiccation tolerance (DT) in orthodox seeds is acquired during seed development and lost upon imbibition/germination, purportedly upon the resumption of DNA synthesis in the radicle cells. In the present study, flow cytometric analyses and visualization of microtubules (MTs) in radicle cells of seedlings of Medicago truncatula showed that up to a radicle length of 2 mm, there is neither DNA synthesis nor cell division, which were first detected in radicles with a length of 3 mm. However, DT started to be lost well before the resumption of DNA synthesis, when germinating seeds were dried back. By applying an osmotic treatment with polyethylene glycol (PEG) before dehydration, it was possible to re-establish DT in seedlings with a radicle up to 2 mm long. Dehydration of seedlings with a 2 mm radicle, with or without PEG treatment, caused disassembly of MTs and appearance of tubulin granules. Subsequent pre-humidification led to an almost complete disappearance of both MTs and tubulin granules. Upon rehydration, neither MTs nor tubulin granules were detected in radicle cells of untreated seedlings, while PEG-treated seedlings were able to reconstitute the microtubular cytoskeleton and continue their normal development. Dehydration of untreated seedlings also led to an apoptotic-like DNA fragmentation in radicle cells, while in PEG-treated seedlingss DNA integrity was maintained. The results showed that for different cellular components, desiccation-tolerant seedlings may apply distinct strategies to survive dehydration, either by avoidance or further repair of the damages
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2119-2130
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume56
Issue number418
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2005

Keywords

  • cell cycle
  • desiccation tolerance
  • dna
  • medicago truncatula
  • microtubules
  • nuclear replication activity
  • programmed cell-death
  • hydration-dehydration
  • recalcitrant seeds
  • plant-cells
  • fragmentation
  • localization
  • integrity
  • radicles
  • survival

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