Cell death of gamma interferon-stimulated human fibroblasts upon toxoplasma gondii infection induces early parasite egress and limits parasite replication

W. Niedelman, J.K. Sprokholt, B. Clough, E. Frickel, J.P.J. Saeij

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

48 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The intracellular protozoan parasite Toxoplasma gondii is a major food-borne illness and opportunistic infection for the immunosuppressed. Resistance to Toxoplasma is dependent on gamma interferon (IFN-¿) activation of both hematopoietic and nonhematopoietic cells. Although IFN-¿-induced innate immunity in nonhematopoietic cells has been extensively studied in mice, it remains unclear what resistance mechanisms are relied on in nonhematopoietic human cells. Here, we report an IFN-¿-induced mechanism of resistance to Toxoplasma in primary human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) that does not depend on the deprivation of tryptophan or iron. In addition, infection is still controlled in HFFs deficient in the p65 guanylate binding proteins GBP1 or GBP2 and the autophagic protein ATG5. Resistance is coincident with host cell death that is not dependent on the necroptosis mediator RIPK3 or caspases and is correlated with early egress of the parasite before replication. This IFN-¿-induced cell death and early egress limits replication in HFFs and could promote clearance of the parasite by immune cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4341-4349
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume81
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • ifn-gamma
  • indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase
  • intracellular pathogen
  • autophagy
  • iron
  • macrophages
  • tryptophan
  • resistance
  • mechanism
  • triggers

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