Cell wall extracts from a carrot cell culture and tap roots were obtained by sequential extraction with water, EDTA buffer solution and cold sodium hydroxide solution. Arabinogalactan proteins (AGPs) were isolated from the extracts and from the medium of the cell culture and analysed for their molecular weight distribution and carbohydrate composition. Copper ions were used to separate the Yariv positive fractions into AGP fractions with a high and a low level of galacturonic acid (GalA). The GalA rich AGP fractions were incubated with pectin methylesterase and polygalacturonase. This enzyme incubation released GalA fragments from the AGP fractions as monitored by HPAEC and MALDI-TOF MS. At least part of carrot AGPs from the medium and cell walls may be covalently linked to pectin containing a homogalacturonan structural element.
- cell-wall polysaccharides
- hairy regions