Carp, Cyprinus carpio L, macrophages and neutrophilic granulocytes obtained from pronephros were cultured. Supernatant was harvested after 48 h and tested for interleukin-1 (IL-1) bioactivity. A concentration-dependent stimulation of proliferation was found of carp Ig− lymphocytes as well as of the murine IL-1 dependent D10 (N4) M cell line. A 4 h treatment of cells with phorbol myristate acetate prior to culture gave a two- to fourfold enhancement of the bioactivity in the supernatant. Antibodies raised in sheep against human recombinant IL-1α or IL-1β added to the supernatant annulled the Il-1 bioactivity. Western blot analysis of supernatants with sheep or rabbit polyclonal antisera against human Il-1s revealed 22 kDa and 15 kDa protein species. The predominant newly synthesized protein that was immunoprecipitated with these antisera was a 15 kDa molecular species. We conclude that carp macrophages and neutrophilic granulocytes produce an IL-1-like molecule with T-cell proliferating potency that shares structural similarities with mammalian IL-1. This is the first evidence for the IL-1 signal protein in carp immunocompetent cells.
Verburg-van Kemenade, B. M. L., Weyts, F. A. A., Debets, R., & Flik, G. (1995). Carp macrophages and neutrophilic granulocytes secrete an interleukin-1-like factor. Developmental and Comparative Immunology, 19, 59-70. https://doi.org/10.1016/0145-305X(94)00047-J