Berries and leaves from six varieties of Carpathians’ sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L., ssp. Carpatica) were analysed for their carotenoid composition (free and esterified) using a combination of HPLC-PAD, GC–MS and UHPLC–PAD–ESI-MS techniques. GC–MS techniques revealed the fatty acid profile specific for each berry variety, while targeted UHPLC–MS analysis identified the fatty acids involved in carotenoids esterification: palmitic (C16:0), myristic (C14:0) and stearic (C18:0). Total carotenoid content varied between 53 and 97 mg/100 g dry weight in berries, and between 3.5 and 4.2 mg/100 g DW in leaves. The carotenoid di-esters represented the main fraction among berry varieties having zeaxanthin di-palmitate as major compound, while leaves contained only free carotenoids like lutein, ß-carotene, violaxanthin and neoxanthin. Principal component analysis identified the suitable carotenoid biomarkers characteristic for the Carpathians’ sea buckthorn from Romania with contribution to their taxonomic classification and authenticity recognition.
Pop, R. M., Weesepoel, Y. J. A., Socaciu, C., Pintea, A., Vincken, J. P., & Gruppen, H. (2014). Carotenoid composition of berries and leaves from six Romanian sea buckthorn (Hippophae rhamnoides L.) varieties. Food Chemistry, 147, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2013.09.083