CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE 7 modulates plant growth, reproduction, senescence, and determinate nodulation in the model legume Lotus japonicas

J. Liu, M. Novero, T. Charnikhova, A. Ferrandino, A. Schubert, C.P. Ruyter-Spira, P. Biofante, C. Lovisolo, H.J. Bouwmeester

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57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Strigolactones (SLs) are newly identified hormones that regulate multiple aspects of plant development, infection by parasitic weeds, and mutualistic symbiosis in the roots. In this study, the role of SLs was studied for the first time in the model plant Lotus japonicus using transgenic lines silenced for CAROTENOID CLEAVAGE DIOXYGENASE 7 (LjCCD7), the orthologue of Arabidopsis More Axillary Growth 3. Transgenic LjCCD7-silenced plants displayed reduced height due to shorter internodes, and more branched shoots and roots than the controls, and an increase in total plant biomass, while their root:shoot ratio remained unchanged. Moreover, these lines had longer primary roots, delayed senescence, and reduced flower/pod numbers from the third round of flower and pod setting onwards. Only a mild reduction in determinate nodule numbers and hardly any impact on the colonization by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi were observed. The results show that the impairment of CCD7 activity in L. japonicus leads to a phenotype linked to SL functions, but with specific features possibly due to the peculiar developmental pattern of this plant species. It is believed that the data also link determinate nodulation, plant reproduction, and senescence to CCD7 function for the first time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1967-1981
JournalJournal of Experimental Botany
Volume64
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords

  • strigolactone analog gr24
  • f-box protein
  • leaf senescence
  • germination stimulants
  • seed-germination
  • parasitic plants
  • key component
  • am fungi
  • arabidopsis
  • rice

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