Carbon nanoparticles in lateral flow methods to detect genes encoding virulence factors of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli

P. Noguera, G.A. Posthuma-Trumpie, M. van Tuil, F.J. van der Wal, A. de Boer, A.P.H.A. Moers, A. van Amerongen

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The use of carbon nanoparticles is shown for the detection and identification of different Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli virulence factors (vt1, vt2, eae and ehxA) and a 16S control (specific for E. coli) based on the use of lateral flow strips (nucleic acid lateral flow immunoassay, NALFIA). Prior to the detection with NALFIA, a rapid amplification method with tagged primers was applied. In the evaluation of the optimised NALFIA strips, no cross-reactivity was found for any of the antibodies used. The limit of detection was higher than for quantitative PCR (q-PCR), in most cases between 104 and 105 colony forming units/mL or 0.1–0.9 ng/µL DNA. NALFIA strips were applied to 48 isolates from cattle faeces, and results were compared to those achieved by q-PCR. E. coli virulence factors identified by NALFIA were in very good agreement with those observed in q-PCR, showing in most cases sensitivity and specificity values of 1.0 and an almost perfect agreement between both methods (kappa coefficient larger than 0.9). The results demonstrate that the screening method developed is reliable, cost-effective and user-friendly, and that the procedure is fast as the total time required is
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)831-838
JournalAnalytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2011



  • molecular diagnosis
  • pathogenic bacteria
  • immunoassay
  • biosensors
  • food
  • pcr
  • statistics
  • particles
  • agreement
  • samples

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