Carbon dioxide emissions of Antarctic tourism

R. Farreny, J. Oliver-Solà, M.A.J. Lamers, B. Amelung, X. Gabarrell, J. Rieradevall, M. Boada, J. Benayas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The increase of tourism to the Antarctic continent may entail not only local but also global environmental impacts. These latter impacts, which are mainly caused by transport, have been generally ignored. As a result, there is a lack of data on the global impacts of Antarctic tourism in terms of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. This paper presents and applies a methodology for quantifying CO2 emissions, both for the Antarctic vessel fleet as a whole and per passenger (both per trip and per day). The results indicate that the average tourist trip to Antarctica results in 5.44 t of CO2 emissions per passenger, or 0.49 t per passenger and day. Approximately 70% of these emissions are attributable to cruising and 30% to flying, which highlights the global environmental relevance of local transport for this type of tourism
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)556-566
JournalAntarctic Science
Volume23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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tourism
carbon dioxide
tourists
Antarctica
environmental impact
vessel
flight
methodology

Keywords

  • cruise tourism
  • guidelines
  • impacts
  • islands

Cite this

Farreny, R., Oliver-Solà, J., Lamers, M. A. J., Amelung, B., Gabarrell, X., Rieradevall, J., ... Benayas, J. (2011). Carbon dioxide emissions of Antarctic tourism. Antarctic Science, 23, 556-566. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102011000435
Farreny, R. ; Oliver-Solà, J. ; Lamers, M.A.J. ; Amelung, B. ; Gabarrell, X. ; Rieradevall, J. ; Boada, M. ; Benayas, J. / Carbon dioxide emissions of Antarctic tourism. In: Antarctic Science. 2011 ; Vol. 23. pp. 556-566.
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abstract = "The increase of tourism to the Antarctic continent may entail not only local but also global environmental impacts. These latter impacts, which are mainly caused by transport, have been generally ignored. As a result, there is a lack of data on the global impacts of Antarctic tourism in terms of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. This paper presents and applies a methodology for quantifying CO2 emissions, both for the Antarctic vessel fleet as a whole and per passenger (both per trip and per day). The results indicate that the average tourist trip to Antarctica results in 5.44 t of CO2 emissions per passenger, or 0.49 t per passenger and day. Approximately 70{\%} of these emissions are attributable to cruising and 30{\%} to flying, which highlights the global environmental relevance of local transport for this type of tourism",
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Farreny, R, Oliver-Solà, J, Lamers, MAJ, Amelung, B, Gabarrell, X, Rieradevall, J, Boada, M & Benayas, J 2011, 'Carbon dioxide emissions of Antarctic tourism', Antarctic Science, vol. 23, pp. 556-566. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0954102011000435

Carbon dioxide emissions of Antarctic tourism. / Farreny, R.; Oliver-Solà, J.; Lamers, M.A.J.; Amelung, B.; Gabarrell, X.; Rieradevall, J.; Boada, M.; Benayas, J.

In: Antarctic Science, Vol. 23, 2011, p. 556-566.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Carbon dioxide emissions of Antarctic tourism

AU - Farreny, R.

AU - Oliver-Solà, J.

AU - Lamers, M.A.J.

AU - Amelung, B.

AU - Gabarrell, X.

AU - Rieradevall, J.

AU - Boada, M.

AU - Benayas, J.

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AB - The increase of tourism to the Antarctic continent may entail not only local but also global environmental impacts. These latter impacts, which are mainly caused by transport, have been generally ignored. As a result, there is a lack of data on the global impacts of Antarctic tourism in terms of energy consumption and carbon dioxide emissions. This paper presents and applies a methodology for quantifying CO2 emissions, both for the Antarctic vessel fleet as a whole and per passenger (both per trip and per day). The results indicate that the average tourist trip to Antarctica results in 5.44 t of CO2 emissions per passenger, or 0.49 t per passenger and day. Approximately 70% of these emissions are attributable to cruising and 30% to flying, which highlights the global environmental relevance of local transport for this type of tourism

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