Capacitive deionization with wire-shaped electrodes

T.M. Mubita, S. Porada, P.M. Biesheuvel, A. van der Wal, J.E. Dykstra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Capacitive deionization is a desalination technology to remove ions from aqueous solution in a cyclic manner by applying a voltage between pairs of porous electrodes. We describe the dynamics of this process by including a possible rate limitation in the transport of ions from the interparticle pore space in the electrode into intraparticle pores, where electrical double layers are formed. The theory includes the effect of chemical surface charge located in the intraparticle pores, which is present in the form of acidic and basic groups. We present dynamic data of salt adsorption for electrodes with and without coated ion-exchange membranes. Experiments were conducted in a CDI cell geometry based on wire-shaped electrodes placed together. The electrodes consisted of graphite rods coated with a layer of porous carbon. To fabricate this layer, we examined two procedures that involve the use of different solvents: acetone and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). We found that electrodes prepared with acetone had a lower salt adsorption compared to electrodes prepared with NMP. At equilibrium, the theory is in agreement with data, and this agreement underpins the effect of chemical surface groups on electrode performance. Under dynamic conditions, our theory describes reasonably well desalination cycles.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-173
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume270
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Apr 2018

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Wire
Electrodes
Desalination
Acetone
Salts
Ions
Adsorption
Ion exchange membranes
Graphite
Surface charge
Carbon
Geometry
Electric potential
Experiments
N-methylpyrrolidone

Keywords

  • Amphoteric donnan model
  • Capacitive deionization
  • Dynamic ion adsorption theory
  • Wire-shaped electrodes

Cite this

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title = "Capacitive deionization with wire-shaped electrodes",
abstract = "Capacitive deionization is a desalination technology to remove ions from aqueous solution in a cyclic manner by applying a voltage between pairs of porous electrodes. We describe the dynamics of this process by including a possible rate limitation in the transport of ions from the interparticle pore space in the electrode into intraparticle pores, where electrical double layers are formed. The theory includes the effect of chemical surface charge located in the intraparticle pores, which is present in the form of acidic and basic groups. We present dynamic data of salt adsorption for electrodes with and without coated ion-exchange membranes. Experiments were conducted in a CDI cell geometry based on wire-shaped electrodes placed together. The electrodes consisted of graphite rods coated with a layer of porous carbon. To fabricate this layer, we examined two procedures that involve the use of different solvents: acetone and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). We found that electrodes prepared with acetone had a lower salt adsorption compared to electrodes prepared with NMP. At equilibrium, the theory is in agreement with data, and this agreement underpins the effect of chemical surface groups on electrode performance. Under dynamic conditions, our theory describes reasonably well desalination cycles.",
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Capacitive deionization with wire-shaped electrodes. / Mubita, T.M.; Porada, S.; Biesheuvel, P.M.; van der Wal, A.; Dykstra, J.E.

In: Electrochimica Acta, Vol. 270, 20.04.2018, p. 165-173.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Capacitive deionization with wire-shaped electrodes

AU - Mubita, T.M.

AU - Porada, S.

AU - Biesheuvel, P.M.

AU - van der Wal, A.

AU - Dykstra, J.E.

PY - 2018/4/20

Y1 - 2018/4/20

N2 - Capacitive deionization is a desalination technology to remove ions from aqueous solution in a cyclic manner by applying a voltage between pairs of porous electrodes. We describe the dynamics of this process by including a possible rate limitation in the transport of ions from the interparticle pore space in the electrode into intraparticle pores, where electrical double layers are formed. The theory includes the effect of chemical surface charge located in the intraparticle pores, which is present in the form of acidic and basic groups. We present dynamic data of salt adsorption for electrodes with and without coated ion-exchange membranes. Experiments were conducted in a CDI cell geometry based on wire-shaped electrodes placed together. The electrodes consisted of graphite rods coated with a layer of porous carbon. To fabricate this layer, we examined two procedures that involve the use of different solvents: acetone and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). We found that electrodes prepared with acetone had a lower salt adsorption compared to electrodes prepared with NMP. At equilibrium, the theory is in agreement with data, and this agreement underpins the effect of chemical surface groups on electrode performance. Under dynamic conditions, our theory describes reasonably well desalination cycles.

AB - Capacitive deionization is a desalination technology to remove ions from aqueous solution in a cyclic manner by applying a voltage between pairs of porous electrodes. We describe the dynamics of this process by including a possible rate limitation in the transport of ions from the interparticle pore space in the electrode into intraparticle pores, where electrical double layers are formed. The theory includes the effect of chemical surface charge located in the intraparticle pores, which is present in the form of acidic and basic groups. We present dynamic data of salt adsorption for electrodes with and without coated ion-exchange membranes. Experiments were conducted in a CDI cell geometry based on wire-shaped electrodes placed together. The electrodes consisted of graphite rods coated with a layer of porous carbon. To fabricate this layer, we examined two procedures that involve the use of different solvents: acetone and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone (NMP). We found that electrodes prepared with acetone had a lower salt adsorption compared to electrodes prepared with NMP. At equilibrium, the theory is in agreement with data, and this agreement underpins the effect of chemical surface groups on electrode performance. Under dynamic conditions, our theory describes reasonably well desalination cycles.

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