Cannibalism and predation among larvae of the Anopheles gambiae complex

C.J.M. Koenraadt, W. Takken

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Among the aquatic developmental stages of the Anopheles gambiae complex (Diptera: Culicidae), both inter- and intra-specific interactions influence the resulting densities of adult mosquito populations. For three members of the complex, An. arabiensis Patton, An. quadriannulatus (Theobald) and An. gambiae Giles sensu stricto , we investigated some aspects of this competition under laboratory conditions. First-instar larvae were consumed by fourth-instar larvae of the same species (cannibalism) and by fourth-instar larvae of other sibling species (predation). Even when larvae were not consumed, the presence of one fourth-instar larva caused a significant reduction in development rate of first-instar larvae. Possible implications of these effects for population dynamics of these malaria vector mosquitoes are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)61-66
JournalMedical and Veterinary Entomology
Volume17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Keywords

  • giles complex
  • arabiensis diptera
  • western kenya
  • culicidae
  • density
  • identification
  • oviposition
  • selection
  • mosquitos
  • habitats

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