Can the Land Use Master Plan Control Urban Expansion and Protect Farmland in China? A Case Study of Nanjing

Zinan Shao, Tejo Spit, Zhifeng Jin, Martha Bakker, Qun Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Urbanization represents a challenge for plans aimed at controlling urban expansion and protecting farmland, such as the land use master plan (LUMP) instituted by the Chinese national government. This paper studies the effectiveness of such top–down plans under the authoritarian regime through the case study of Nanjing. In contrast to previous studies that compare actual and planned land-use maps, we compare actual and planned land-use patterns. We use land-use change data to examine spatio-temporal land-use change between the years 1997 and 2014. The results indicate that the actual amount of urban-rural built-up land exceeded planned regulatory amount by 50,185 ha and the total farmland was 70,541 ha less than the target outlined in the LUMP (1997–2010). Based on these results, and the fact that the allowed total urban-rural built-up land had already been surpassed in 2014, it is to be expected that the target of farmland protection outlined in the LUMP (2006–2020) will be broken, signaling the ineffectiveness of the plan to control urban expansion and protect farmland. Plan-led developments (e.g., new towns, development zones) and market forces (e.g., housing market, foreign direct investment) explain these developments. This study indicates that when cities embrace “growth-led” development and entrepreneurial governance, the ability of plans to control urban expansion and protect farmland is severely limited.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-531
JournalGrowth and Change
Volume49
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2018

Fingerprint

agricultural land
land use change
land use
new town
foreign direct investment
housing market
urbanization
plan
land use plan
market
land

Cite this

Shao, Zinan ; Spit, Tejo ; Jin, Zhifeng ; Bakker, Martha ; Wu, Qun. / Can the Land Use Master Plan Control Urban Expansion and Protect Farmland in China? A Case Study of Nanjing. In: Growth and Change. 2018 ; Vol. 49, No. 3. pp. 512-531.
@article{ce981160662745d9b8d1eafe0e0bd323,
title = "Can the Land Use Master Plan Control Urban Expansion and Protect Farmland in China? A Case Study of Nanjing",
abstract = "Urbanization represents a challenge for plans aimed at controlling urban expansion and protecting farmland, such as the land use master plan (LUMP) instituted by the Chinese national government. This paper studies the effectiveness of such top–down plans under the authoritarian regime through the case study of Nanjing. In contrast to previous studies that compare actual and planned land-use maps, we compare actual and planned land-use patterns. We use land-use change data to examine spatio-temporal land-use change between the years 1997 and 2014. The results indicate that the actual amount of urban-rural built-up land exceeded planned regulatory amount by 50,185 ha and the total farmland was 70,541 ha less than the target outlined in the LUMP (1997–2010). Based on these results, and the fact that the allowed total urban-rural built-up land had already been surpassed in 2014, it is to be expected that the target of farmland protection outlined in the LUMP (2006–2020) will be broken, signaling the ineffectiveness of the plan to control urban expansion and protect farmland. Plan-led developments (e.g., new towns, development zones) and market forces (e.g., housing market, foreign direct investment) explain these developments. This study indicates that when cities embrace “growth-led” development and entrepreneurial governance, the ability of plans to control urban expansion and protect farmland is severely limited.",
author = "Zinan Shao and Tejo Spit and Zhifeng Jin and Martha Bakker and Qun Wu",
year = "2018",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/grow.12240",
language = "English",
volume = "49",
pages = "512--531",
journal = "Growth and Change",
issn = "0017-4815",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "3",

}

Can the Land Use Master Plan Control Urban Expansion and Protect Farmland in China? A Case Study of Nanjing. / Shao, Zinan; Spit, Tejo; Jin, Zhifeng; Bakker, Martha; Wu, Qun.

In: Growth and Change, Vol. 49, No. 3, 01.09.2018, p. 512-531.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can the Land Use Master Plan Control Urban Expansion and Protect Farmland in China? A Case Study of Nanjing

AU - Shao, Zinan

AU - Spit, Tejo

AU - Jin, Zhifeng

AU - Bakker, Martha

AU - Wu, Qun

PY - 2018/9/1

Y1 - 2018/9/1

N2 - Urbanization represents a challenge for plans aimed at controlling urban expansion and protecting farmland, such as the land use master plan (LUMP) instituted by the Chinese national government. This paper studies the effectiveness of such top–down plans under the authoritarian regime through the case study of Nanjing. In contrast to previous studies that compare actual and planned land-use maps, we compare actual and planned land-use patterns. We use land-use change data to examine spatio-temporal land-use change between the years 1997 and 2014. The results indicate that the actual amount of urban-rural built-up land exceeded planned regulatory amount by 50,185 ha and the total farmland was 70,541 ha less than the target outlined in the LUMP (1997–2010). Based on these results, and the fact that the allowed total urban-rural built-up land had already been surpassed in 2014, it is to be expected that the target of farmland protection outlined in the LUMP (2006–2020) will be broken, signaling the ineffectiveness of the plan to control urban expansion and protect farmland. Plan-led developments (e.g., new towns, development zones) and market forces (e.g., housing market, foreign direct investment) explain these developments. This study indicates that when cities embrace “growth-led” development and entrepreneurial governance, the ability of plans to control urban expansion and protect farmland is severely limited.

AB - Urbanization represents a challenge for plans aimed at controlling urban expansion and protecting farmland, such as the land use master plan (LUMP) instituted by the Chinese national government. This paper studies the effectiveness of such top–down plans under the authoritarian regime through the case study of Nanjing. In contrast to previous studies that compare actual and planned land-use maps, we compare actual and planned land-use patterns. We use land-use change data to examine spatio-temporal land-use change between the years 1997 and 2014. The results indicate that the actual amount of urban-rural built-up land exceeded planned regulatory amount by 50,185 ha and the total farmland was 70,541 ha less than the target outlined in the LUMP (1997–2010). Based on these results, and the fact that the allowed total urban-rural built-up land had already been surpassed in 2014, it is to be expected that the target of farmland protection outlined in the LUMP (2006–2020) will be broken, signaling the ineffectiveness of the plan to control urban expansion and protect farmland. Plan-led developments (e.g., new towns, development zones) and market forces (e.g., housing market, foreign direct investment) explain these developments. This study indicates that when cities embrace “growth-led” development and entrepreneurial governance, the ability of plans to control urban expansion and protect farmland is severely limited.

U2 - 10.1111/grow.12240

DO - 10.1111/grow.12240

M3 - Article

VL - 49

SP - 512

EP - 531

JO - Growth and Change

JF - Growth and Change

SN - 0017-4815

IS - 3

ER -