Can breeders solve mortality due to feather pecking in laying hens?

Esther D. Ellen*, Piter Bijma

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Mortality due to feather pecking (FP) has large economic and welfare consequences in the commercial poultry industry, and reduces survival of birds. With FP, the survival time of a hen depends both on her own genetic ability to avoid becoming the victim of FP (direct genetic effect; DGE), and on the genetic tendency of her group mates to perform FP (indirect genetic effect; IGE). Thus, to improve survival time of laying hens, it is important to use a breeding strategy that captures both the DGE and the IGE of selection candidates. Here, we investigate the prospects for solving mortality due to FP in laying hens by genetic selection. First, we review genetic parameters for survival time. Second, we use deterministic simulation to predict response to selection for 2 multi-trait crossbred breeding programs, a traditional recurrent testing scheme (RT) and a genomic selection scheme (GS). Finally, we investigate the prospects for sustained improvement of survival time when mortality becomes low. Results show that survival time has considerable heritable variation; most estimates of the total additive genetic standard deviation are larger than 1 mo. As expected, predicted single generation response to selection in survival time with GS is substantial larger than with RT. Particularly when the correlation between survival time and other breeding goal traits is zero, the GS scheme yields substantial improvement in survival time. For example, when mortality is 35%, the genetic correlation between survival time and other traits is 0, allowing for a 10% reduction of response in other traits, and when selection takes place in both the sire line and dam line, survival time can be improved with ∼23 D in one generation, using GS. Results, however, also show a strong decrease in heritability when mortality decreases, indicating that continued improvement becomes increasingly difficult. In summary, our results show that breeders can considerably reduce mortality due to FP with limited reduction of improvement in other breeding goal traits.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3431-3442
Number of pages12
JournalPoultry Science
Volume98
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019

Fingerprint

feather pecking
laying hens
marker-assisted selection
breeding
poultry industry
dams (mothers)
genetic correlation
sires
hens
crossbreds
heritability
testing
economics
birds

Keywords

  • cannibalism
  • feather pecking
  • genomic selection
  • laying hen
  • survival time

Cite this

@article{8ab7ba1876364dde94b7b55f30379b76,
title = "Can breeders solve mortality due to feather pecking in laying hens?",
abstract = "Mortality due to feather pecking (FP) has large economic and welfare consequences in the commercial poultry industry, and reduces survival of birds. With FP, the survival time of a hen depends both on her own genetic ability to avoid becoming the victim of FP (direct genetic effect; DGE), and on the genetic tendency of her group mates to perform FP (indirect genetic effect; IGE). Thus, to improve survival time of laying hens, it is important to use a breeding strategy that captures both the DGE and the IGE of selection candidates. Here, we investigate the prospects for solving mortality due to FP in laying hens by genetic selection. First, we review genetic parameters for survival time. Second, we use deterministic simulation to predict response to selection for 2 multi-trait crossbred breeding programs, a traditional recurrent testing scheme (RT) and a genomic selection scheme (GS). Finally, we investigate the prospects for sustained improvement of survival time when mortality becomes low. Results show that survival time has considerable heritable variation; most estimates of the total additive genetic standard deviation are larger than 1 mo. As expected, predicted single generation response to selection in survival time with GS is substantial larger than with RT. Particularly when the correlation between survival time and other breeding goal traits is zero, the GS scheme yields substantial improvement in survival time. For example, when mortality is 35{\%}, the genetic correlation between survival time and other traits is 0, allowing for a 10{\%} reduction of response in other traits, and when selection takes place in both the sire line and dam line, survival time can be improved with ∼23 D in one generation, using GS. Results, however, also show a strong decrease in heritability when mortality decreases, indicating that continued improvement becomes increasingly difficult. In summary, our results show that breeders can considerably reduce mortality due to FP with limited reduction of improvement in other breeding goal traits.",
keywords = "cannibalism, feather pecking, genomic selection, laying hen, survival time",
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}

Can breeders solve mortality due to feather pecking in laying hens? / Ellen, Esther D.; Bijma, Piter.

In: Poultry Science, Vol. 98, No. 9, 01.09.2019, p. 3431-3442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Can breeders solve mortality due to feather pecking in laying hens?

AU - Ellen, Esther D.

AU - Bijma, Piter

PY - 2019/9/1

Y1 - 2019/9/1

N2 - Mortality due to feather pecking (FP) has large economic and welfare consequences in the commercial poultry industry, and reduces survival of birds. With FP, the survival time of a hen depends both on her own genetic ability to avoid becoming the victim of FP (direct genetic effect; DGE), and on the genetic tendency of her group mates to perform FP (indirect genetic effect; IGE). Thus, to improve survival time of laying hens, it is important to use a breeding strategy that captures both the DGE and the IGE of selection candidates. Here, we investigate the prospects for solving mortality due to FP in laying hens by genetic selection. First, we review genetic parameters for survival time. Second, we use deterministic simulation to predict response to selection for 2 multi-trait crossbred breeding programs, a traditional recurrent testing scheme (RT) and a genomic selection scheme (GS). Finally, we investigate the prospects for sustained improvement of survival time when mortality becomes low. Results show that survival time has considerable heritable variation; most estimates of the total additive genetic standard deviation are larger than 1 mo. As expected, predicted single generation response to selection in survival time with GS is substantial larger than with RT. Particularly when the correlation between survival time and other breeding goal traits is zero, the GS scheme yields substantial improvement in survival time. For example, when mortality is 35%, the genetic correlation between survival time and other traits is 0, allowing for a 10% reduction of response in other traits, and when selection takes place in both the sire line and dam line, survival time can be improved with ∼23 D in one generation, using GS. Results, however, also show a strong decrease in heritability when mortality decreases, indicating that continued improvement becomes increasingly difficult. In summary, our results show that breeders can considerably reduce mortality due to FP with limited reduction of improvement in other breeding goal traits.

AB - Mortality due to feather pecking (FP) has large economic and welfare consequences in the commercial poultry industry, and reduces survival of birds. With FP, the survival time of a hen depends both on her own genetic ability to avoid becoming the victim of FP (direct genetic effect; DGE), and on the genetic tendency of her group mates to perform FP (indirect genetic effect; IGE). Thus, to improve survival time of laying hens, it is important to use a breeding strategy that captures both the DGE and the IGE of selection candidates. Here, we investigate the prospects for solving mortality due to FP in laying hens by genetic selection. First, we review genetic parameters for survival time. Second, we use deterministic simulation to predict response to selection for 2 multi-trait crossbred breeding programs, a traditional recurrent testing scheme (RT) and a genomic selection scheme (GS). Finally, we investigate the prospects for sustained improvement of survival time when mortality becomes low. Results show that survival time has considerable heritable variation; most estimates of the total additive genetic standard deviation are larger than 1 mo. As expected, predicted single generation response to selection in survival time with GS is substantial larger than with RT. Particularly when the correlation between survival time and other breeding goal traits is zero, the GS scheme yields substantial improvement in survival time. For example, when mortality is 35%, the genetic correlation between survival time and other traits is 0, allowing for a 10% reduction of response in other traits, and when selection takes place in both the sire line and dam line, survival time can be improved with ∼23 D in one generation, using GS. Results, however, also show a strong decrease in heritability when mortality decreases, indicating that continued improvement becomes increasingly difficult. In summary, our results show that breeders can considerably reduce mortality due to FP with limited reduction of improvement in other breeding goal traits.

KW - cannibalism

KW - feather pecking

KW - genomic selection

KW - laying hen

KW - survival time

U2 - 10.3382/ps/pez250

DO - 10.3382/ps/pez250

M3 - Article

VL - 98

SP - 3431

EP - 3442

JO - Poultry Science

JF - Poultry Science

SN - 0032-5791

IS - 9

ER -