Campylobacter epidemiology-sources and routes of transmission for human infection

Diane G. Newell*, Lapo Mughini-Gras, R.S. Kalupahana, Jaap A. Wagenaar

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

6 Citations (Scopus)


The identification of the sources and routes of transmission of Campylobacter jejuni/coli is essential to the prevention and control of human campylobacteriosis. However, this has proved a significant challenge over the past 35 years because these organisms were so unlike other enteric bacteria, especially Escherichia coli and Salmonella spp. Our current understanding of Campylobacter epidemiology is derived from a range of approaches, including epidemiological studies, and microbiological subtyping. These approaches indicate that poultry is the primary reservoir for campylobacters causing human disease. However, although campylobacteriosis is generally considered a foodborne disease primarily acquired through the handling and consumption of poultry meat, discrepancies between source attribution data from case-control studies and those based on subtyping strongly suggest that transmission routes through environmental exposure may be as, if not more, important.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCampylobacter: Features, Detection, and Prevention of Foodborne Disease
EditorsGünter Klein
PublisherElsevier Inc. Academic Press
ISBN (Electronic)9780128036495
ISBN (Print)9780128036235
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Campylobacter
  • Environment
  • Epidemiology
  • Outbreak
  • Reservoir
  • Source attribution
  • Subtyping
  • Transmission route

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