The differential excess enthalpy of mixed micelle formation was measured at different temperatures by mixing nonionic hexa(ethylene glycol) mono n-dodecyl ether with anionic sodium dodecyl sulfate or cationic dodecylpyridinium chloride. The experimental data were obtained calorimetrically by titrating a concentrated surfactant solution into a micellar solution of nonionic surfactant. The composition and the size of the mixed nonionic/ionic micelles at different surfactant concentrations were also determined. Pronounced differences in both composition and excess enthalpy were found between the anionic and the cationic mixed system. For both systems, the excess enthalpies become more exothermic with increasing temperature, but for the anionic mixed system an additional exothermic contribution was found which was much less temperature dependent. Temperature dependence of the excess enthalpy was attributed to the effect of the ionic headgroup on the hydration of the ethylene oxide (EO) groups in the mixed corona. Ionic headgroups located in the ethylene oxide layer cause the dehydration of the EO chains resulting in an additional hydrophobic contribution to the enthalpy of mixing. A high affinity of sodium dodecyl sulfate for nonionic micelles and an extra exothermic and less temperature dependent contribution to the excess enthalpy found for the SDS-C12E6 system might be attributed to specific interactions (hydrogen bonds) between the sulfate headgroup and the partly dehydrated EO chain.
- dodecylhexaoxyethylene glycol monoether
- sodium dodecanoate mixtures
- binary surfactant mixtures
- resonance self-diffusion
- dilute aqueous-solutions