Cachexia, dietetic consultation, and survival in patients with pancreatic and periampullary cancer: A multicenter cohort study

Anouk E.J. Latenstein, Willemieke P.M. Dijksterhuis, Tara M. Mackay, Sandra Beijer, Casper H.J. van Eijck, Ignace H.J.T. de Hingh, Quintus Molenaar, Martijn G.H. van Oijen, Hjalmar C. van Santvoort, Marian A.E. de van der Schueren, Judith de Vos-Geelen, Jeanne H.M. de Vries, Johanna W. Wilmink, Marc G. Besselink, Hanneke W.M. van Laarhoven*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

It is unclear to what extent patients with pancreatic cancer have cachexia and had a dietetic consult for nutritional support. The aim was to assess the prevalence of cachexia, dietitian consultation, and overall survival in these patients. This prospective multicenter cohort study included patients with pancreatic cancer, who participated in the Dutch Pancreatic Cancer Project and completed patient reported outcome measures (2015–2018). Additional data were obtained from the Netherlands Cancer Registry. Cachexia was defined as self-reported >5% body weight loss, or >2% in patients with a BMI <20 kg/m2 over the past half year. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to analyze overall survival. In total, 202 patients were included from 18 centers. Cachexia was present in 144 patients (71%) and 81 of those patients (56%) had dietetic consultation. Cachexia was present in 63% of 94 patients who underwent surgery, 77% of 70 patients who received palliative chemotherapy and 82% of 38 patients who had best supportive care. Dietitian consultation was reported in 53%, 52%, and 71%, respectively. Median overall survival did not differ between patients with and without cachexia, but decreased in those with severe weight loss (12 months (IQR 7–20) vs. 16 months (IQR 8–31), p = 0.02), as compared to those with <10% weight loss during the past half year. Two-thirds of patients with pancreatic cancer present with cachexia of which nearly half had no dietetic consultation. Survival was comparable in patients with and without cachexia, but decreased in patients with more severe weight loss.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9385-9395
JournalCancer Medicine
Volume9
Issue number24
Early online date27 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

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