Business and human rights implications of climate change litigation: Milieudefensie et al. v Royal Dutch Shell

Chiara Macchi*, Josephine van Zeben*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In Milieudefensie et al. v Royal Dutch Shell, the District Court in the Hague ordered the respondent company to cut its global carbon dioxide emissions by 45 percent by 2030, as compared with 2019 levels. The landmark judgement represents the first imposition of a specific mitigation obligation on a private company over and above reduction targets set by existing ‘cap-and-trade’ regulations and/or other governmental mitigation policies. In interpreting Royal Dutch Shell's duty of care under Dutch tort law, the Court referred extensively to international soft law, including the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights. This note considers the implications of this case for corporate responsibility for environmental and human rights.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-415
JournalReview of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law
Volume30
Issue number3
Early online date11 Oct 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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