Building a Fuzzy Cognitive Map from stakeholder knowledge: An Episodic, asynchronous approach

Glory I. Edwards*, Kasper Kok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Participatory modelling (PM) processes involve stakeholders in developing a simplified representation of reality based on stakeholders' knowledge, perceptions, values and assumptions about a system in which they live and/or work. There has been an increase in the need for structured methods for the implementation of PM processes, to elicit knowledge from stakeholders and to represent this knowledge in a model. This paper presents a method to support the participatory component of modelling processes without the need for face-to-face interactions. The method, which we term Episodic and Asynchronous (EAsy) was applied to construct a Fuzzy Cognitive Map of the Nigerian rice agri-food system. The stakeholder determined Fuzzy Cognitive Map was further applied to develop scenarios and identify leverage points for intervention in the system. The results demonstrate that the EAsy approach is an effective way for co-production to be achieved. The EAsy approach can thus be considered valid to construct a representation of a complex social-ecological system. Using the results and analysis of our process, we discuss the limitations and benefits of this PM method.

Original languageEnglish
Article number100053
JournalCurrent Research in Environmental Sustainability
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2021


  • Asynchronous participation
  • Co-production
  • Fuzzy Cognitive Mapping
  • Participatory modelling
  • Stakeholder participation


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