Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar

John Clifton-Brown, Antoine Harfouche, Michael D. Casler, Huw Dylan Jones, William J. Macalpine, Donal Murphy-Bokern, Lawrence B. Smart, Anneli Adler, Chris Ashman, Danny Awty-Carroll, Catherine Bastien, Sebastian Bopper, Vasile Botnari, Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel, Zhiyong Chen, Lindsay V. Clark, Salvatore Cosentino, Sue Dalton, Chris Davey, Oene Dolstra & 30 others Iain Donnison, Richard Flavell, Joerg Greef, Steve Hanley, Astley Hastings, Magnus Hertzberg, Tsai Wen Hsu, Lin S. Huang, Antonella Iurato, Elaine Jensen, Xiaoli Jin, Uffe Jørgensen, Andreas Kiesel, Do Soon Kim, Jianxiu Liu, Jon P. McCalmont, Bernard G. McMahon, Michal Mos, Paul Robson, Erik J. Sacks, Anatolii Sandu, Giovanni Scalici, Kai Schwarz, Danilo Scordia, Reza Shafiei, Ian Shield, Gancho Slavov, Brian J. Stanton, Kankshita Swaminathan, Luisa M. Trindade

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed-based synthetic populations, semihybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breeding cycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass-scale deployment of PBCs.

LanguageEnglish
Pages118-151
JournalGCB Bioenergy
Volume11
Issue number1
Early online date19 Sep 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Miscanthus
Panicum virgatum
energy crops
Crops
Biomass
breeding
crop
biomass
cultivar
cultivars
clone
Seed
Genes
informatics
clones
genetic resource
synthetic populations
germplasm
reproductive cycle
breeding methods

Keywords

  • bioenergy
  • feedstocks
  • lignocellulose
  • M. sacchariflorus
  • M. sinensis
  • Miscanthus
  • Panicum virgatum
  • perennial biomass crop
  • Populus spp.
  • Salix spp.

Cite this

Clifton-Brown, John ; Harfouche, Antoine ; Casler, Michael D. ; Dylan Jones, Huw ; Macalpine, William J. ; Murphy-Bokern, Donal ; Smart, Lawrence B. ; Adler, Anneli ; Ashman, Chris ; Awty-Carroll, Danny ; Bastien, Catherine ; Bopper, Sebastian ; Botnari, Vasile ; Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse ; Chen, Zhiyong ; Clark, Lindsay V. ; Cosentino, Salvatore ; Dalton, Sue ; Davey, Chris ; Dolstra, Oene ; Donnison, Iain ; Flavell, Richard ; Greef, Joerg ; Hanley, Steve ; Hastings, Astley ; Hertzberg, Magnus ; Hsu, Tsai Wen ; Huang, Lin S. ; Iurato, Antonella ; Jensen, Elaine ; Jin, Xiaoli ; Jørgensen, Uffe ; Kiesel, Andreas ; Kim, Do Soon ; Liu, Jianxiu ; McCalmont, Jon P. ; McMahon, Bernard G. ; Mos, Michal ; Robson, Paul ; Sacks, Erik J. ; Sandu, Anatolii ; Scalici, Giovanni ; Schwarz, Kai ; Scordia, Danilo ; Shafiei, Reza ; Shield, Ian ; Slavov, Gancho ; Stanton, Brian J. ; Swaminathan, Kankshita ; Trindade, Luisa M. / Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. In: GCB Bioenergy. 2019 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 118-151.
@article{546c2d3b7f2341dd80d4021d117e8aa2,
title = "Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar",
abstract = "Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed-based synthetic populations, semihybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breeding cycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass-scale deployment of PBCs.",
keywords = "bioenergy, feedstocks, lignocellulose, M. sacchariflorus, M. sinensis, Miscanthus, Panicum virgatum, perennial biomass crop, Populus spp., Salix spp.",
author = "John Clifton-Brown and Antoine Harfouche and Casler, {Michael D.} and {Dylan Jones}, Huw and Macalpine, {William J.} and Donal Murphy-Bokern and Smart, {Lawrence B.} and Anneli Adler and Chris Ashman and Danny Awty-Carroll and Catherine Bastien and Sebastian Bopper and Vasile Botnari and Maryse Brancourt-Hulmel and Zhiyong Chen and Clark, {Lindsay V.} and Salvatore Cosentino and Sue Dalton and Chris Davey and Oene Dolstra and Iain Donnison and Richard Flavell and Joerg Greef and Steve Hanley and Astley Hastings and Magnus Hertzberg and Hsu, {Tsai Wen} and Huang, {Lin S.} and Antonella Iurato and Elaine Jensen and Xiaoli Jin and Uffe J{\o}rgensen and Andreas Kiesel and Kim, {Do Soon} and Jianxiu Liu and McCalmont, {Jon P.} and McMahon, {Bernard G.} and Michal Mos and Paul Robson and Sacks, {Erik J.} and Anatolii Sandu and Giovanni Scalici and Kai Schwarz and Danilo Scordia and Reza Shafiei and Ian Shield and Gancho Slavov and Stanton, {Brian J.} and Kankshita Swaminathan and Trindade, {Luisa M.}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
doi = "10.1111/gcbb.12566",
language = "English",
volume = "11",
pages = "118--151",
journal = "Global change biology Bioenergy",
issn = "1757-1693",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "1",

}

Clifton-Brown, J, Harfouche, A, Casler, MD, Dylan Jones, H, Macalpine, WJ, Murphy-Bokern, D, Smart, LB, Adler, A, Ashman, C, Awty-Carroll, D, Bastien, C, Bopper, S, Botnari, V, Brancourt-Hulmel, M, Chen, Z, Clark, LV, Cosentino, S, Dalton, S, Davey, C, Dolstra, O, Donnison, I, Flavell, R, Greef, J, Hanley, S, Hastings, A, Hertzberg, M, Hsu, TW, Huang, LS, Iurato, A, Jensen, E, Jin, X, Jørgensen, U, Kiesel, A, Kim, DS, Liu, J, McCalmont, JP, McMahon, BG, Mos, M, Robson, P, Sacks, EJ, Sandu, A, Scalici, G, Schwarz, K, Scordia, D, Shafiei, R, Shield, I, Slavov, G, Stanton, BJ, Swaminathan, K & Trindade, LM 2019, 'Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar', GCB Bioenergy, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 118-151. https://doi.org/10.1111/gcbb.12566

Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar. / Clifton-Brown, John; Harfouche, Antoine; Casler, Michael D.; Dylan Jones, Huw; Macalpine, William J.; Murphy-Bokern, Donal; Smart, Lawrence B.; Adler, Anneli; Ashman, Chris; Awty-Carroll, Danny; Bastien, Catherine; Bopper, Sebastian; Botnari, Vasile; Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse; Chen, Zhiyong; Clark, Lindsay V.; Cosentino, Salvatore; Dalton, Sue; Davey, Chris; Dolstra, Oene; Donnison, Iain; Flavell, Richard; Greef, Joerg; Hanley, Steve; Hastings, Astley; Hertzberg, Magnus; Hsu, Tsai Wen; Huang, Lin S.; Iurato, Antonella; Jensen, Elaine; Jin, Xiaoli; Jørgensen, Uffe; Kiesel, Andreas; Kim, Do Soon; Liu, Jianxiu; McCalmont, Jon P.; McMahon, Bernard G.; Mos, Michal; Robson, Paul; Sacks, Erik J.; Sandu, Anatolii; Scalici, Giovanni; Schwarz, Kai; Scordia, Danilo; Shafiei, Reza; Shield, Ian; Slavov, Gancho; Stanton, Brian J.; Swaminathan, Kankshita; Trindade, Luisa M.

In: GCB Bioenergy, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.2019, p. 118-151.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Breeding progress and preparedness for mass-scale deployment of perennial lignocellulosic biomass crops switchgrass, miscanthus, willow and poplar

AU - Clifton-Brown, John

AU - Harfouche, Antoine

AU - Casler, Michael D.

AU - Dylan Jones, Huw

AU - Macalpine, William J.

AU - Murphy-Bokern, Donal

AU - Smart, Lawrence B.

AU - Adler, Anneli

AU - Ashman, Chris

AU - Awty-Carroll, Danny

AU - Bastien, Catherine

AU - Bopper, Sebastian

AU - Botnari, Vasile

AU - Brancourt-Hulmel, Maryse

AU - Chen, Zhiyong

AU - Clark, Lindsay V.

AU - Cosentino, Salvatore

AU - Dalton, Sue

AU - Davey, Chris

AU - Dolstra, Oene

AU - Donnison, Iain

AU - Flavell, Richard

AU - Greef, Joerg

AU - Hanley, Steve

AU - Hastings, Astley

AU - Hertzberg, Magnus

AU - Hsu, Tsai Wen

AU - Huang, Lin S.

AU - Iurato, Antonella

AU - Jensen, Elaine

AU - Jin, Xiaoli

AU - Jørgensen, Uffe

AU - Kiesel, Andreas

AU - Kim, Do Soon

AU - Liu, Jianxiu

AU - McCalmont, Jon P.

AU - McMahon, Bernard G.

AU - Mos, Michal

AU - Robson, Paul

AU - Sacks, Erik J.

AU - Sandu, Anatolii

AU - Scalici, Giovanni

AU - Schwarz, Kai

AU - Scordia, Danilo

AU - Shafiei, Reza

AU - Shield, Ian

AU - Slavov, Gancho

AU - Stanton, Brian J.

AU - Swaminathan, Kankshita

AU - Trindade, Luisa M.

PY - 2019/1

Y1 - 2019/1

N2 - Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed-based synthetic populations, semihybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breeding cycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass-scale deployment of PBCs.

AB - Genetic improvement through breeding is one of the key approaches to increasing biomass supply. This paper documents the breeding progress to date for four perennial biomass crops (PBCs) that have high output–input energy ratios: namely Panicum virgatum (switchgrass), species of the genera Miscanthus (miscanthus), Salix (willow) and Populus (poplar). For each crop, we report on the size of germplasm collections, the efforts to date to phenotype and genotype, the diversity available for breeding and on the scale of breeding work as indicated by number of attempted crosses. We also report on the development of faster and more precise breeding using molecular breeding techniques. Poplar is the model tree for genetic studies and is furthest ahead in terms of biological knowledge and genetic resources. Linkage maps, transgenesis and genome editing methods are now being used in commercially focused poplar breeding. These are in development in switchgrass, miscanthus and willow generating large genetic and phenotypic data sets requiring concomitant efforts in informatics to create summaries that can be accessed and used by practical breeders. Cultivars of switchgrass and miscanthus can be seed-based synthetic populations, semihybrids or clones. Willow and poplar cultivars are commercially deployed as clones. At local and regional level, the most advanced cultivars in each crop are at technology readiness levels which could be scaled to planting rates of thousands of hectares per year in about 5 years with existing commercial developers. Investment in further development of better cultivars is subject to current market failure and the long breeding cycles. We conclude that sustained public investment in breeding plays a key role in delivering future mass-scale deployment of PBCs.

KW - bioenergy

KW - feedstocks

KW - lignocellulose

KW - M. sacchariflorus

KW - M. sinensis

KW - Miscanthus

KW - Panicum virgatum

KW - perennial biomass crop

KW - Populus spp.

KW - Salix spp.

U2 - 10.1111/gcbb.12566

DO - 10.1111/gcbb.12566

M3 - Article

VL - 11

SP - 118

EP - 151

JO - Global change biology Bioenergy

T2 - Global change biology Bioenergy

JF - Global change biology Bioenergy

SN - 1757-1693

IS - 1

ER -