Breeding and Cytogenetics in the Genus Tulipa

A.R. Marasek Ciolakowska, M.S. Ramanna, P. Arens, J.M. van Tuyl

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademic

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tulip (Tulipa) is one of the most important ornamental bulbous plants, which has been cultivated for cut flower, potted plant, garden plant and for landscaping. Species from the different sections display complementary agronomic characteristics and breeding techniques are used to combine desired features. The main goals of modern tulip breeding are the introgression of resistance against Tulip Breaking Virus (TBV), Botrytis tulipae and Fusarium oxysporum (bulb-rot), and also characteristics such as a short forcing period, good flower longevity and new flower colours and flower shapes into the commercial assortment of T. gesneriana. T. gesneriana has been crossed successfully with only 12 out of the approximately 55 tulip species by using conventional breeding methods. Many successful crosses have been made between T. gesneriana cultivars and TBV resistant T. fosteriana cultivars resulting in highly resistant Darwin hybrids tulips. The majority of tulip cultivars are diploid (2n = 2x = 24) however, there have been many attempts to obtain polyploid tulips. The production of tetraploids was described in the late sixties when young ovaries were treated, under pressure, with laughing gas (N2O). In breeding of polyploid tulip laughing gas has also been used to induce 2n gametes. Several new tetraploids were also obtained by making crosses between tetraploid lines. Polyploids have been derived from interploidy crosses between diploid, triploid, and tetraploid cultivars. Several other polyploids have resulted from 2n gametes, spontaneously produced by diploid F1 hybrids. Molecular cytogenetic tools such as FISH and GISH permitted detailed studies of genome composition and chromosome recombination in the progenies of interspecific hybrids. In this context, tulip breeding and the use of cytogenetic techniques for genome analysis of hybrids are discussed.
LanguageEnglish
Pages90-97
JournalFloriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology
Volume6
Issue numberspecial issue 1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

Tulipa
cytogenetics
breeding
polyploidy
tetraploidy
Tulip breaking virus
nitrous oxide
diploidy
breeding methods
flowers
ornamental plants
Botrytis tulipae
germ cells
cultivars
landscaping
genome
container-grown plants
cut flowers
Fusarium oxysporum
triploidy

Cite this

Marasek Ciolakowska, A. R., Ramanna, M. S., Arens, P., & van Tuyl, J. M. (2012). Breeding and Cytogenetics in the Genus Tulipa. Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology, 6(special issue 1), 90-97.
Marasek Ciolakowska, A.R. ; Ramanna, M.S. ; Arens, P. ; van Tuyl, J.M. / Breeding and Cytogenetics in the Genus Tulipa. In: Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology. 2012 ; Vol. 6, No. special issue 1. pp. 90-97.
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Marasek Ciolakowska, AR, Ramanna, MS, Arens, P & van Tuyl, JM 2012, 'Breeding and Cytogenetics in the Genus Tulipa', Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology, vol. 6, no. special issue 1, pp. 90-97.

Breeding and Cytogenetics in the Genus Tulipa. / Marasek Ciolakowska, A.R.; Ramanna, M.S.; Arens, P.; van Tuyl, J.M.

In: Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology, Vol. 6, No. special issue 1, 2012, p. 90-97.

Research output: Contribution to journalComment/Letter to the editorAcademic

TY - JOUR

T1 - Breeding and Cytogenetics in the Genus Tulipa

AU - Marasek Ciolakowska, A.R.

AU - Ramanna, M.S.

AU - Arens, P.

AU - van Tuyl, J.M.

N1 - geen doi aanwezig

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - Tulip (Tulipa) is one of the most important ornamental bulbous plants, which has been cultivated for cut flower, potted plant, garden plant and for landscaping. Species from the different sections display complementary agronomic characteristics and breeding techniques are used to combine desired features. The main goals of modern tulip breeding are the introgression of resistance against Tulip Breaking Virus (TBV), Botrytis tulipae and Fusarium oxysporum (bulb-rot), and also characteristics such as a short forcing period, good flower longevity and new flower colours and flower shapes into the commercial assortment of T. gesneriana. T. gesneriana has been crossed successfully with only 12 out of the approximately 55 tulip species by using conventional breeding methods. Many successful crosses have been made between T. gesneriana cultivars and TBV resistant T. fosteriana cultivars resulting in highly resistant Darwin hybrids tulips. The majority of tulip cultivars are diploid (2n = 2x = 24) however, there have been many attempts to obtain polyploid tulips. The production of tetraploids was described in the late sixties when young ovaries were treated, under pressure, with laughing gas (N2O). In breeding of polyploid tulip laughing gas has also been used to induce 2n gametes. Several new tetraploids were also obtained by making crosses between tetraploid lines. Polyploids have been derived from interploidy crosses between diploid, triploid, and tetraploid cultivars. Several other polyploids have resulted from 2n gametes, spontaneously produced by diploid F1 hybrids. Molecular cytogenetic tools such as FISH and GISH permitted detailed studies of genome composition and chromosome recombination in the progenies of interspecific hybrids. In this context, tulip breeding and the use of cytogenetic techniques for genome analysis of hybrids are discussed.

AB - Tulip (Tulipa) is one of the most important ornamental bulbous plants, which has been cultivated for cut flower, potted plant, garden plant and for landscaping. Species from the different sections display complementary agronomic characteristics and breeding techniques are used to combine desired features. The main goals of modern tulip breeding are the introgression of resistance against Tulip Breaking Virus (TBV), Botrytis tulipae and Fusarium oxysporum (bulb-rot), and also characteristics such as a short forcing period, good flower longevity and new flower colours and flower shapes into the commercial assortment of T. gesneriana. T. gesneriana has been crossed successfully with only 12 out of the approximately 55 tulip species by using conventional breeding methods. Many successful crosses have been made between T. gesneriana cultivars and TBV resistant T. fosteriana cultivars resulting in highly resistant Darwin hybrids tulips. The majority of tulip cultivars are diploid (2n = 2x = 24) however, there have been many attempts to obtain polyploid tulips. The production of tetraploids was described in the late sixties when young ovaries were treated, under pressure, with laughing gas (N2O). In breeding of polyploid tulip laughing gas has also been used to induce 2n gametes. Several new tetraploids were also obtained by making crosses between tetraploid lines. Polyploids have been derived from interploidy crosses between diploid, triploid, and tetraploid cultivars. Several other polyploids have resulted from 2n gametes, spontaneously produced by diploid F1 hybrids. Molecular cytogenetic tools such as FISH and GISH permitted detailed studies of genome composition and chromosome recombination in the progenies of interspecific hybrids. In this context, tulip breeding and the use of cytogenetic techniques for genome analysis of hybrids are discussed.

M3 - Comment/Letter to the editor

VL - 6

SP - 90

EP - 97

JO - Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology

T2 - Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology

JF - Floriculture and Ornamental Biotechnology

SN - 1749-0294

IS - special issue 1

ER -