Branched-chain amino acid fortification does not restore muscle protein synthesis rates following ingestion of lower- compared with higher-dose mycoprotein

Alistair J. Monteyne, Mariana O.C. Coelho, Craig Porter, Doaa R. Abdelrahman, Thomas S.O. Jameson, Tim J.A. Finnigan, Francis B. Stephens, Marlou L. Dirks, Benjamin T. Wall*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: We have shown that ingesting a large bolus (70 g) of the fungal-derived, whole food mycoprotein robustly stimulates muscle protein synthesis (MPS) rates. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine if a lower dose (35 g) of mycoprotein enriched with branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) stimulates MPS to the same extent as 70 g of mycoprotein in resistance-trained young men. Methods: Nineteen men [aged 22 ± 1 y, BMI (kg/m2): 25 ± 1] took part in a randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study. Participants received primed, continuous infusions of l-[ring-2H5]phenylalanine and ingested either 70 g mycoprotein (31.5 g protein; MYCO; n = 10) or 35 g BCAA-enriched mycoprotein (18.7 g protein: matched on BCAA content; ENR; n = 9) following a bout of unilateral resistance exercise. Blood and bilateral quadriceps muscle samples were obtained before exercise and protein ingestion and during a 4-h postprandial period to assess MPS in rested and exercised muscle. Two- and 3-factor ANOVAs were used to detect differences in plasma amino acid kinetics and mixed muscle fractional synthetic rates, respectively. Results: Postprandial plasma BCAA concentrations increased more rapidly and to a larger degree in ENR compared with MYCO. MPS increased with protein ingestion (P ≤ 0.05) but to a greater extent following MYCO (from 0.025% ± 0.006% to 0.057% ± 0.004% · h-1 in rested muscle, and from 0.024% ± 0.007% to 0.072% ± 0.005% · h-1 in exercised muscle; P < 0.0001) compared with ENR (from 0.031% ± 0.003% to 0.043% ± 0.005% · h-1 in rested muscle, and 0.027% ± 0.005% to 0.052% ± 0.005% · h-1 in exercised muscle; P < 0.01) ingestion. Postprandial MPS rates were greater in MYCO compared with ENR (P < 0.01). Conclusions: The ingestion of lower-dose BCAA-enriched mycoprotein stimulates resting and postexercise MPS rates, but to a lesser extent compared with the ingestion of a BCAA-matched 70-g mycoprotein bolus in healthy young men. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as 660065600.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2931-2941
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Nutrition
Volume150
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amino acids
  • BCAA
  • Muscle protein synthesis
  • Mycoprotein
  • Resistance exercise

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