Boronate affinity paper spray mass spectrometry for determination of elevated levels of catecholamines in urine

W. Luo, T.A. van Beek, Bo Chen, H. Zuilhof*, G.I.J. Salentijn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The analysis of catecholamines, such as dopamine, epinephrine and norepinephrine in urine can be used in the diagnosis of certain pathologies, such as hormone-producing tumors. Here, a fast and simple quantitative boronate affinity paper spray tandem mass spectrometric (PS-MS/MS) method is established, which can improve selectivity and reduce ion suppression without needing any instrumental chromatography. We use here the property of boronic acids, which can selectively bind ortho-diol-containing compounds under alkaline conditions. Paper tip modification and catechol enrichment protocols were developed to selectively bind, clean up and subsequently desorb such catecholamines. Standard catecholamine solutions, as well as human urine samples were analyzed with the PS-MS(/MS) method, which is fast, cheap and easy-to-operate compared to HPLC-MS/MS. Despite its high simplicity, boronate affinity PS-MS/MS exhibits good performance compared to HPLC-MS/MS in human urine analysis in terms of precision (2.1%–7.2% vs. 1.1%–2.9%) and accuracy (−10.2%–9.3% vs. −4.8%–5.1%), and a physiologically relevant limit of detection (0.027–0.12 μg mL−1). The boronate affinity PS-MS/MS clearly achieved the detection limits that would allow the fast analysis of urine samples for clinical purposes, such as screening for pheochromocytoma (exceeding 0.5 μg mL−1).
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume1235
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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