Bootstrap Confidence Intervals for Principal Response Curves

M.E. Timmerman, C.J.F. ter Braak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


The principal response curve (PRC) model is of use to analyse multivariate data resulting from experiments involving repeated sampling in time. The time-dependent treatment effects are represented by PRCs, which are functional in nature. The sample PRCs can be estimated using a raw approach, or the newly proposed smooth approach. The generalisability of the sample PRCs can be judged using confidence bands. The quality of various bootstrap strategies to estimate such confidence bands for PRCs is evaluated. The best coverage was obtained with BCa intervals using a non-parametric bootstrap. The coverage appeared to be generally good, except for the case of exactly zero population PRCs for all conditions. Then, the behaviour is irregular, which is caused by the sign indeterminacy of the PRCs. The insights obtained into the optimal bootstrap strategy are useful to apply in the PRC model, and more generally for estimating confidence intervals in singular value decomposition based methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1837-1849
JournalComputational Statistics & Data Analysis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008


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