Blue light improves photosynthetic performance during healing and acclimatization of grafted watermelon seedlings

Moein Moosavi-Nezhad, Reza Salehi*, Sasan Aliniaeifard*, Georgios Tsaniklidis, Ernst J. Woltering, Dimitrios Fanourakis, Krystyna Żuk-Gołaszewska, Hazem M. Kalaji

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)


To investigate the importance of light on healing and acclimatization, in the present study, grafted watermelon seedlings were exposed to darkness (D) or light, provided by blue (B), red (R), a mixture of R (68%) and B (RB), or white (W; 35% B, 49% intermediate spectra, 16% R) LEDs for 12 days. Survival ratio, root and shoot growth, soluble carbohydrate content, photosynthetic pigments content, and photosynthetic performance were evaluated. Seedling survival was not only strongly limited in D but the survived seedlings had an inferior shoot and root development, reduced chlorophyll content, and attenuated photosynthetic efficiency. RB-exposed seedlings had a less-developed root system. R-exposed seedlings showed leaf epinasty, and had the smallest leaf area, reduced chlorophyll content, and suppressed photosynthetic apparatus performance. The R-exposed seedlings contained the highest amount of soluble carbohydrate and together with D-exposed seedlings the lowest amount of chlorophyll in their scions. B-exposed seedlings showed the highest chlorophyll content and improved overall PSII photosynthetic functioning. W-exposed seedling had the largest leaf area, and closely resembled the photosynthetic properties of RB-exposed seedlings. We assume that, during healing of grafted seedlings monochromatic R light should be avoided. Instead, W and monochromatic B light may be willingly adopted due to their promoting effect on shoot, pigments content, and photosynthetic efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8043
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number15
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jul 2021


  • Chlorophyll fluorescence imaging
  • Healing and acclimatization
  • Light quality
  • O–J–I–P-transient
  • Vegetable grafting


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