Blood-based 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine level: A potential diagnostic biomarker for atrial fibrillation

Jin Li, Deli Zhang, Kennedy S. Ramos, Luciënne Baks, Marit Wiersma, Eva A.H. Lanters, Ad J.J.C. Bogers, Natasja M.S. De Groot, Bianca J.J.M. Brundel*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background
Recent research findings have revealed a key role of oxidative DNA damage in the pathogenesis of atrial fibrillation (AF). Therefore, the circulating oxidative DNA damage marker 8-hydroxy-2′-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) may represent a biomarker for staging AF and identifying patients at risk for AF recurrence and postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) after treatment.
Objective
The purpose of this study was to investigate whether serum levels of 8-OHdG correlate with the stage of AF, recurrence after AF treatment, and onset of POAF after cardiac surgery.
Methods
In this prospective observational study, 8-OHdG levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in human serum samples. Blood samples were collected from control patients without AF history; patients with paroxysmal AF and persistent AF undergoing electrical cardioversion or pulmonary vein isolation (PVI); and patients with sinus rhythm (SR) undergoing cardiac surgery. AF recurrence was determined during 12-month follow-up. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify changes in 8-OHdG levels between the groups.
Results
Compared to the control group, 8-OHdG levels in the patient groups gradually and significantly increased during arrhythmia progression. 8-OHdG levels in AF patients showing AF recurrence after PVI treatment were significantly increased compared to patients without AF recurrence. Moreover, in SR patients undergoing cardiac surgery, 8-OHdG levels were significantly elevated in those showing POAF compared to patients without POAF.
Conclusion
8-OHdG level may represent a potential diagnostic biomarker for AF staging as well as for predicting AF recurrence and POAF after treatment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHeart Rhythm
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Oct 2020

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