Bivalve aquaculture transfers in Atlantic Europe. Part A: Transfer activities and legal framework

F. Muehlbauer, D. Fraser, M. Brenner, P. Kamermans

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Intentional transfers of numerous bivalve species have had a long tradition and are commonly conducted along the European Atlantic coast. However numerous studies have concluded that intentional transfer of species for aquaculture purposes is one of the most principal vectors for the introduction of exotic species around the world. Threats due to the transfer and introduction of species have been identified and a range of global and regional agreements, guidelines, standards and statutes to minimize effects have been established. Yet whether such regulations can protect and conserve the marine environment and address economic considerations remains unanswered. This study provides the first overview of bivalve transfer activities for aquaculture purposes along the European Atlantic coast. Existing international and EU legislation is described, and potential weaknesses in the existing legislative frameworks are discussed. Recommendations for the development of integrated risk assessment methods are given. These may help to minimize the intrinsic threats of transfer activities in marine environments. The resulting impacts and effects of transfer activities of bivalves for aquaculture purpose are addressed in detail in a companion paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)127-138
JournalOcean & Coastal Management
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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aquaculture
bivalve
Bivalvia
legislation
marine environment
standards and grades
risk assessment process
coasts
coast
assessment method
laws and regulations
risk assessment
economics
Europe
effect
recommendation
world
exotic species
regulation

Keywords

  • mussels
  • bay

Cite this

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title = "Bivalve aquaculture transfers in Atlantic Europe. Part A: Transfer activities and legal framework",
abstract = "Intentional transfers of numerous bivalve species have had a long tradition and are commonly conducted along the European Atlantic coast. However numerous studies have concluded that intentional transfer of species for aquaculture purposes is one of the most principal vectors for the introduction of exotic species around the world. Threats due to the transfer and introduction of species have been identified and a range of global and regional agreements, guidelines, standards and statutes to minimize effects have been established. Yet whether such regulations can protect and conserve the marine environment and address economic considerations remains unanswered. This study provides the first overview of bivalve transfer activities for aquaculture purposes along the European Atlantic coast. Existing international and EU legislation is described, and potential weaknesses in the existing legislative frameworks are discussed. Recommendations for the development of integrated risk assessment methods are given. These may help to minimize the intrinsic threats of transfer activities in marine environments. The resulting impacts and effects of transfer activities of bivalves for aquaculture purpose are addressed in detail in a companion paper.",
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Bivalve aquaculture transfers in Atlantic Europe. Part A: Transfer activities and legal framework. / Muehlbauer, F.; Fraser, D.; Brenner, M.; Kamermans, P.

In: Ocean & Coastal Management, Vol. 89, 2014, p. 127-138.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Bivalve aquaculture transfers in Atlantic Europe. Part A: Transfer activities and legal framework

AU - Muehlbauer, F.

AU - Fraser, D.

AU - Brenner, M.

AU - Kamermans, P.

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Intentional transfers of numerous bivalve species have had a long tradition and are commonly conducted along the European Atlantic coast. However numerous studies have concluded that intentional transfer of species for aquaculture purposes is one of the most principal vectors for the introduction of exotic species around the world. Threats due to the transfer and introduction of species have been identified and a range of global and regional agreements, guidelines, standards and statutes to minimize effects have been established. Yet whether such regulations can protect and conserve the marine environment and address economic considerations remains unanswered. This study provides the first overview of bivalve transfer activities for aquaculture purposes along the European Atlantic coast. Existing international and EU legislation is described, and potential weaknesses in the existing legislative frameworks are discussed. Recommendations for the development of integrated risk assessment methods are given. These may help to minimize the intrinsic threats of transfer activities in marine environments. The resulting impacts and effects of transfer activities of bivalves for aquaculture purpose are addressed in detail in a companion paper.

AB - Intentional transfers of numerous bivalve species have had a long tradition and are commonly conducted along the European Atlantic coast. However numerous studies have concluded that intentional transfer of species for aquaculture purposes is one of the most principal vectors for the introduction of exotic species around the world. Threats due to the transfer and introduction of species have been identified and a range of global and regional agreements, guidelines, standards and statutes to minimize effects have been established. Yet whether such regulations can protect and conserve the marine environment and address economic considerations remains unanswered. This study provides the first overview of bivalve transfer activities for aquaculture purposes along the European Atlantic coast. Existing international and EU legislation is described, and potential weaknesses in the existing legislative frameworks are discussed. Recommendations for the development of integrated risk assessment methods are given. These may help to minimize the intrinsic threats of transfer activities in marine environments. The resulting impacts and effects of transfer activities of bivalves for aquaculture purpose are addressed in detail in a companion paper.

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KW - bay

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