Biotechnological strategies for the recovery of valuable and critical raw materials from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) – A review

Arda Işıldar, Eric D. van Hullebusch, Markus Lenz, Gijs Du Laing, Alessandra Marra, Alessandra Cesaro, Sandeep Panda, Ata Akcil, Mehmet Ali Kucuker, Kerstin Kuchta

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Critical raw materials (CRMs) are essential in the development of novel high-tech applications. They are essential in sustainable materials and green technologies, including renewable energy, emissionfree electric vehicles and energy-efficient lighting. However, the sustainable supply of CRMs is a major concern. Recycling end-of-life devices is an integral element of the CRMs supply policy of many countries. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is an important secondary source of CRMs. Currently, pyrometallurgical processes are used to recycle metals from WEEE. These processes are deemed imperfect, energy-intensive and non-selective towards CRMs. Biotechnologies are a promising alternative to the current industrial best available technologies (BAT). In this review, we present the current frontiers in CRMs recovery from WEEE using biotechnology, the biochemical fundamentals of these bio-based technologies and discuss recent research and development (R&D) activities. These technologies encompass biologically induced leaching (bioleaching) from various matrices,biomass-induced sorption (biosorption), and bioelectrochemical systems (BES).

LanguageEnglish
Pages467-481
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
Volume362
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Electronic Waste
Strategic materials
electronic equipment
Raw materials
Electronic equipment
Technology
Recovery
Equipment and Supplies
Biotechnology
Renewable Energy
biotechnology
Recycling
Lighting
Biomass
Environmental technology
energy
electric vehicle
Metals
Electric vehicles
research and development

Keywords

  • Bioleaching
  • Bioprecipitation
  • Biosorption
  • Biotechnologies
  • Critical metals
  • Electronic waste

Cite this

Işıldar, Arda ; van Hullebusch, Eric D. ; Lenz, Markus ; Du Laing, Gijs ; Marra, Alessandra ; Cesaro, Alessandra ; Panda, Sandeep ; Akcil, Ata ; Kucuker, Mehmet Ali ; Kuchta, Kerstin. / Biotechnological strategies for the recovery of valuable and critical raw materials from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) – A review. In: Journal of Hazardous Materials. 2019 ; Vol. 362. pp. 467-481.
@article{2b007a6d4b434b94afe79dffe4abcb6a,
title = "Biotechnological strategies for the recovery of valuable and critical raw materials from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) – A review",
abstract = "Critical raw materials (CRMs) are essential in the development of novel high-tech applications. They are essential in sustainable materials and green technologies, including renewable energy, emissionfree electric vehicles and energy-efficient lighting. However, the sustainable supply of CRMs is a major concern. Recycling end-of-life devices is an integral element of the CRMs supply policy of many countries. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is an important secondary source of CRMs. Currently, pyrometallurgical processes are used to recycle metals from WEEE. These processes are deemed imperfect, energy-intensive and non-selective towards CRMs. Biotechnologies are a promising alternative to the current industrial best available technologies (BAT). In this review, we present the current frontiers in CRMs recovery from WEEE using biotechnology, the biochemical fundamentals of these bio-based technologies and discuss recent research and development (R&D) activities. These technologies encompass biologically induced leaching (bioleaching) from various matrices,biomass-induced sorption (biosorption), and bioelectrochemical systems (BES).",
keywords = "Bioleaching, Bioprecipitation, Biosorption, Biotechnologies, Critical metals, Electronic waste",
author = "Arda Işıldar and {van Hullebusch}, {Eric D.} and Markus Lenz and {Du Laing}, Gijs and Alessandra Marra and Alessandra Cesaro and Sandeep Panda and Ata Akcil and Kucuker, {Mehmet Ali} and Kerstin Kuchta",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "15",
doi = "10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.08.050",
language = "English",
volume = "362",
pages = "467--481",
journal = "Journal of Hazardous Materials",
issn = "0304-3894",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

Işıldar, A, van Hullebusch, ED, Lenz, M, Du Laing, G, Marra, A, Cesaro, A, Panda, S, Akcil, A, Kucuker, MA & Kuchta, K 2019, 'Biotechnological strategies for the recovery of valuable and critical raw materials from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) – A review', Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 362, pp. 467-481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.08.050

Biotechnological strategies for the recovery of valuable and critical raw materials from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) – A review. / Işıldar, Arda; van Hullebusch, Eric D.; Lenz, Markus; Du Laing, Gijs; Marra, Alessandra; Cesaro, Alessandra; Panda, Sandeep; Akcil, Ata; Kucuker, Mehmet Ali; Kuchta, Kerstin.

In: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Vol. 362, 15.01.2019, p. 467-481.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biotechnological strategies for the recovery of valuable and critical raw materials from waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) – A review

AU - Işıldar, Arda

AU - van Hullebusch, Eric D.

AU - Lenz, Markus

AU - Du Laing, Gijs

AU - Marra, Alessandra

AU - Cesaro, Alessandra

AU - Panda, Sandeep

AU - Akcil, Ata

AU - Kucuker, Mehmet Ali

AU - Kuchta, Kerstin

PY - 2019/1/15

Y1 - 2019/1/15

N2 - Critical raw materials (CRMs) are essential in the development of novel high-tech applications. They are essential in sustainable materials and green technologies, including renewable energy, emissionfree electric vehicles and energy-efficient lighting. However, the sustainable supply of CRMs is a major concern. Recycling end-of-life devices is an integral element of the CRMs supply policy of many countries. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is an important secondary source of CRMs. Currently, pyrometallurgical processes are used to recycle metals from WEEE. These processes are deemed imperfect, energy-intensive and non-selective towards CRMs. Biotechnologies are a promising alternative to the current industrial best available technologies (BAT). In this review, we present the current frontiers in CRMs recovery from WEEE using biotechnology, the biochemical fundamentals of these bio-based technologies and discuss recent research and development (R&D) activities. These technologies encompass biologically induced leaching (bioleaching) from various matrices,biomass-induced sorption (biosorption), and bioelectrochemical systems (BES).

AB - Critical raw materials (CRMs) are essential in the development of novel high-tech applications. They are essential in sustainable materials and green technologies, including renewable energy, emissionfree electric vehicles and energy-efficient lighting. However, the sustainable supply of CRMs is a major concern. Recycling end-of-life devices is an integral element of the CRMs supply policy of many countries. Waste electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) is an important secondary source of CRMs. Currently, pyrometallurgical processes are used to recycle metals from WEEE. These processes are deemed imperfect, energy-intensive and non-selective towards CRMs. Biotechnologies are a promising alternative to the current industrial best available technologies (BAT). In this review, we present the current frontiers in CRMs recovery from WEEE using biotechnology, the biochemical fundamentals of these bio-based technologies and discuss recent research and development (R&D) activities. These technologies encompass biologically induced leaching (bioleaching) from various matrices,biomass-induced sorption (biosorption), and bioelectrochemical systems (BES).

KW - Bioleaching

KW - Bioprecipitation

KW - Biosorption

KW - Biotechnologies

KW - Critical metals

KW - Electronic waste

U2 - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.08.050

DO - 10.1016/j.jhazmat.2018.08.050

M3 - Review article

VL - 362

SP - 467

EP - 481

JO - Journal of Hazardous Materials

T2 - Journal of Hazardous Materials

JF - Journal of Hazardous Materials

SN - 0304-3894

ER -