Biotechnological advances in Lilium

Mehdi Bakhshaie*, Solmaz Khosravi, Pejman Azadi, Hedayat Bagheri, Jaap M. van Tuyl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Modern powerful techniques in plant biotechnology have been developed in lilies (Lilium spp., Liliaceae) to propagate, improve and make new phenotypes. Reliable in vitro culture methods are available to multiply lilies rapidly and shorten breeding programs. Lilium is also an ideal model plant to study in vitro pollination and embryo rescue methods. Although lilies are recalcitrant to genetic manipulation, superior genotypes are developed with improved flower colour and form, disease resistance and year round forcing ability. Different DNA molecular markers have been developed for rapid indirect selection, genetic diversity evaluation, mutation detection and construction of Lilium linkage map. Some disease resistance-QTLs are already mapped on the Lilium linkage map. This review presents latest information on in vitro propagation, genetic engineering and molecular advances made in lily.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1799-1826
JournalPlant Cell Reports
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Culture medium
  • Genetic transformation
  • In vitro pollination
  • Lilium
  • Molecular markers
  • Polyploidization

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