Biological control of Meloidogyne spp. In glasshouse-grown chrysanthemum

J.R. De Long*, M.A. Streminska, A. Persijn, H.M.I. Huisman, C. Van Der Salm

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Root-knot nematodes (Meloidogyne spp.) are a major problem in soil-based glasshouse-grown chrysanthemums. To combat rootknot nematodes in the glasshouse, the soil is typically steamed every 5-6 production cycles. However, this method is expensive, environmentally unfriendly and reduces resistance and resilience of the soil against pathogens and pests. Here, we added biological pesticides/a basic substance and biostimulants both individually and in combination to determine individual or interactive effects against damage by root-knot nematodes in chrysanthemums. We found that the application of biological nematicides derived from garlic extract, the basic substance chitosan HCl and biostimulants comprised of sea minerals and plant oils correlated with reduced root-knot nematode damage. These effects may have been due to direct effects against the nematodes or through indirect effects such as increased resistance and resilience of the plants. Overall, the biostimulants increased the total number of free-living nematodes in the soil, which could lead to a beneficial increase in nutrient cycling in the soils. Our results demonstrate that biological reagents show promise in reducing root-knot nematode damage in glasshousegrown chrysanthemum and may lead to more resistance and resilient soils.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2020-125
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nematology
Volume52
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • Biological control
  • Biostimulant
  • Chrysanthemum
  • Glasshouse
  • Hostparasitic relationship
  • Meloidogyne
  • Resistance
  • Root-knot nematode
  • Sustainable horticulture

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