Biofuels, feed and food security.

A.J. van der Zijpp

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract

Abstract

With diminishing resources of fossil fuels (resulting in higher prices before the financial credit crisis) the search for alternative sources of energy (biofuel and biodiesel) has been directed to food/feed crops like maize and sugarcane. A rising demand of meat, milk and eggs of increasingly affluent urban populations has created a rising demand for feeds. An increasing world population needs more food. Crops, livestock and energy agricultural systems have to address a complex set of issues simultaneously to reach optimal solutions. Sofar policy makers have nationally addressed single, often geo-political issues, which unfortunately have had global effects like rising prices. Decisions on national and global land use for fuel, food and feed functions will have to adequately manage environmental impact (water, nutrients, climate change, biodiversity), food security and quality of the diet of poor (high percentage of income spend on food, low animal protein consumption) and rich consumers (overconsumption of animal proteins and energy leading to obesity, hart disease and diabetes), socio-economic equity of income of poor (subsistence farmers, risk averse, less organised and informed) and rich producers (market driven, organised, access to credit). Market distorsions can be the result of national policies not accounting for the global effects of national actions. These may appear as food price increases or loss of employment both contributing to social inequity. System comparisons will be presented to increase understanding of complex optimisations of fuel, food and feed production and their trade offs.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication60th Annual Meeting of the EAAP, Barcelona, Spain, 24 - 27 August, 2009
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Pages27
ISBN (Print)9789086861217
Publication statusPublished - 2009
EventEAAP - 60th Annual Meeting 2009 - Barcelona, Spain
Duration: 24 Aug 200927 Aug 2009

Conference

ConferenceEAAP - 60th Annual Meeting 2009
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period24/08/0927/08/09

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  • Cite this

    van der Zijpp, A. J. (2009). Biofuels, feed and food security. In 60th Annual Meeting of the EAAP, Barcelona, Spain, 24 - 27 August, 2009 (pp. 27). Wageningen Academic Publishers.