Biodiversity State and Trends in Southeast Asia

Lian P. Koh*, Chris J. Kettle, Douglas Sheil, Tien M. Lee, Xingli Giam, Luke Gibson, Gopalasamy R. Clements

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademicpeer-review

19 Citations (Scopus)


Southeast Asia, which encompasses four biodiversity hotspots (Indo-Burma, Sundaland, the Philippines, and Wallacea), is a region of remarkably high biodiversity. Much of the region's flora and fauna is not found elsewhere in the world (endemic). Unfortunately, this region has been experiencing widespread and rapid deforestation and forest degradation over the last few decades, driven primarily by industrial agriculture, such as oil palm development. In this article, the authors discuss the status of key natural ecosystems and taxonomic groups. Additionally, they highlight the major threats to biodiversity as well as the challenges and opportunities for conservation in this region.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Biodiversity
Subtitle of host publicationSecond Edition
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9780123847195
ISBN (Print)9780123847201
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Biodiversity
  • Climate change
  • Conservation
  • Deforestation
  • Forest degradation
  • Forest Fires
  • Governance
  • Monoculture
  • Protected area
  • REDD
  • Tropical ecology
  • Wildlife

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