Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests

Danaë M.A. Rozendaal*, Frans Bongers, T.M. Aide, Esteban Alvarez-Dávila, Nataly Ascarrunz, Patricia Balvanera, Justin M. Becknell, Tony V. Bentos, Pedro H.S. Brancalion, George A.L. Cabral, Sofia Calvo-Rodriguez, Jerome Chave, Ricardo G. César, Robin L. Chazdon, Richard Condit, Jorn S. Dallinga, Jarcilene S. De Almeida-Cortez, Ben de Jong, Alexandre De Oliveira, Julie S. Denslow & 66 others Daisy H. Dent, Saara J. Dewalt, Juan Manuel Dupuy, Sandra M. Durán, Loïc P. Dutrieux, Mario M. Espírito-Santo, María C. Fandino, G.W. Fernandes, Bryan Finegan, Hernando García, Noel Gonzalez, Vanessa Granda Moser, Jefferson S. Hall, José Luis Hernández-Stefanoni, Stephen Hubbell, Catarina C. Jakovac, Alma Johanna Hernández, André B. Junqueira, Deborah Kennard, Denis Larpin, Susan G. Letcher, Juan-Carlos Licona, Edwin Lebrija-trejos, Erika Marín-Spiotta, Miguel Martínez-Ramos, Paulo E.S. Massoca, Jorge A. Meave, Rita C.G. Mesquita, Francisco Mora, Sandra C. Müller, Rodrigo Muñoz, Silvio Nolasco De Oliveira Neto, Natalia Norden, Yule R.F. Nunes, Susana Ochoa-Gaona, Edgar Ortiz-Malavassi, Rebecca Ostertag, Marielos Peña-Caros, Eduardo A. Pérez-García, Daniel Piotto, Jennifer S. Powers, José Aguilar-Cano, Susana Rodriguez-Buritica, Jorge Rodríguez-Velázquez, Marco Antonio Romero-Romero, Jorge Ruíz, Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arlete Silva De Almeida, Whendee L. Silver, Naomi B. Schwartz, William Wayt Thomas, Marisol Toledo, Maria Uriarte, Everardo Valadares De Sá Sampaio, Michiel van Breugel, Hans van der Wal, Sebastião Venâncio Martins, Maria D.M. Veloso, Hans F.M. Vester, Alberto Vicentini, Ima C.G. Vieira, Pedro Villa, G.B. Williamson, Kátia J. Zanini, Jess Zimmerman, Lourens Poorter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Old-growth tropical forests harbor an immense diversity of tree species but are rapidly being cleared, while secondary forests that regrow on abandoned agricultural lands increase in extent. We assess how tree species richness and composition recover during secondary succession across gradients in environmental conditions and anthropogenic disturbance in an unprecedented multisite analysis for the Neotropics. Secondary forests recover remarkably fast in species richness but slowly in species composition. Secondary forests take a median time of five decades to recover the species richness of old-growth forest (80% recovery after 20 years) based on rarefaction analysis. Full recovery of species composition takes centuries (only 34% recovery after 20 years). A dual strategy that maintains both old-growth forests and species-rich secondary forests is therefore crucial for biodiversity conservation in human-modified tropical landscapes.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbereaau3114
Number of pages10
JournalScience Advances
Volume5
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2019

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secondary forest
old-growth forest
biodiversity
species richness
secondary succession
tropical forest
harbor
agricultural land
environmental conditions
disturbance
analysis

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Rozendaal, Danaë M.A. ; Bongers, Frans ; Aide, T.M. ; Alvarez-Dávila, Esteban ; Ascarrunz, Nataly ; Balvanera, Patricia ; Becknell, Justin M. ; Bentos, Tony V. ; Brancalion, Pedro H.S. ; Cabral, George A.L. ; Calvo-Rodriguez, Sofia ; Chave, Jerome ; César, Ricardo G. ; Chazdon, Robin L. ; Condit, Richard ; Dallinga, Jorn S. ; De Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S. ; de Jong, Ben ; De Oliveira, Alexandre ; Denslow, Julie S. ; Dent, Daisy H. ; Dewalt, Saara J. ; Dupuy, Juan Manuel ; Durán, Sandra M. ; Dutrieux, Loïc P. ; Espírito-Santo, Mario M. ; Fandino, María C. ; Fernandes, G.W. ; Finegan, Bryan ; García, Hernando ; Gonzalez, Noel ; Moser, Vanessa Granda ; Hall, Jefferson S. ; Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis ; Hubbell, Stephen ; Jakovac, Catarina C. ; Hernández, Alma Johanna ; Junqueira, André B. ; Kennard, Deborah ; Larpin, Denis ; Letcher, Susan G. ; Licona, Juan-Carlos ; Lebrija-trejos, Edwin ; Marín-Spiotta, Erika ; Martínez-Ramos, Miguel ; Massoca, Paulo E.S. ; Meave, Jorge A. ; Mesquita, Rita C.G. ; Mora, Francisco ; Müller, Sandra C. ; Muñoz, Rodrigo ; De Oliveira Neto, Silvio Nolasco ; Norden, Natalia ; Nunes, Yule R.F. ; Ochoa-Gaona, Susana ; Ortiz-Malavassi, Edgar ; Ostertag, Rebecca ; Peña-Caros, Marielos ; Pérez-García, Eduardo A. ; Piotto, Daniel ; Powers, Jennifer S. ; Aguilar-Cano, José ; Rodriguez-Buritica, Susana ; Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge ; Romero-Romero, Marco Antonio ; Ruíz, Jorge ; Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo ; De Almeida, Arlete Silva ; Silver, Whendee L. ; Schwartz, Naomi B. ; Thomas, William Wayt ; Toledo, Marisol ; Uriarte, Maria ; De Sá Sampaio, Everardo Valadares ; van Breugel, Michiel ; van der Wal, Hans ; Martins, Sebastião Venâncio ; Veloso, Maria D.M. ; Vester, Hans F.M. ; Vicentini, Alberto ; Vieira, Ima C.G. ; Villa, Pedro ; Williamson, G.B. ; Zanini, Kátia J. ; Zimmerman, Jess ; Poorter, Lourens. / Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests. In: Science Advances. 2019 ; Vol. 5, No. 3.
@article{621ae06caf3243ab91ac5d8f90384678,
title = "Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests",
abstract = "Old-growth tropical forests harbor an immense diversity of tree species but are rapidly being cleared, while secondary forests that regrow on abandoned agricultural lands increase in extent. We assess how tree species richness and composition recover during secondary succession across gradients in environmental conditions and anthropogenic disturbance in an unprecedented multisite analysis for the Neotropics. Secondary forests recover remarkably fast in species richness but slowly in species composition. Secondary forests take a median time of five decades to recover the species richness of old-growth forest (80{\%} recovery after 20 years) based on rarefaction analysis. Full recovery of species composition takes centuries (only 34{\%} recovery after 20 years). A dual strategy that maintains both old-growth forests and species-rich secondary forests is therefore crucial for biodiversity conservation in human-modified tropical landscapes.",
author = "Rozendaal, {Dana{\"e} M.A.} and Frans Bongers and T.M. Aide and Esteban Alvarez-D{\'a}vila and Nataly Ascarrunz and Patricia Balvanera and Becknell, {Justin M.} and Bentos, {Tony V.} and Brancalion, {Pedro H.S.} and Cabral, {George A.L.} and Sofia Calvo-Rodriguez and Jerome Chave and C{\'e}sar, {Ricardo G.} and Chazdon, {Robin L.} and Richard Condit and Dallinga, {Jorn S.} and {De Almeida-Cortez}, {Jarcilene S.} and {de Jong}, Ben and {De Oliveira}, Alexandre and Denslow, {Julie S.} and Dent, {Daisy H.} and Dewalt, {Saara J.} and Dupuy, {Juan Manuel} and Dur{\'a}n, {Sandra M.} and Dutrieux, {Lo{\"i}c P.} and Esp{\'i}rito-Santo, {Mario M.} and Fandino, {Mar{\'i}a C.} and G.W. Fernandes and Bryan Finegan and Hernando Garc{\'i}a and Noel Gonzalez and Moser, {Vanessa Granda} and Hall, {Jefferson S.} and Hern{\'a}ndez-Stefanoni, {Jos{\'e} Luis} and Stephen Hubbell and Jakovac, {Catarina C.} and Hern{\'a}ndez, {Alma Johanna} and Junqueira, {Andr{\'e} B.} and Deborah Kennard and Denis Larpin and Letcher, {Susan G.} and Juan-Carlos Licona and Edwin Lebrija-trejos and Erika Mar{\'i}n-Spiotta and Miguel Mart{\'i}nez-Ramos and Massoca, {Paulo E.S.} and Meave, {Jorge A.} and Mesquita, {Rita C.G.} and Francisco Mora and M{\"u}ller, {Sandra C.} and Rodrigo Mu{\~n}oz and {De Oliveira Neto}, {Silvio Nolasco} and Natalia Norden and Nunes, {Yule R.F.} and Susana Ochoa-Gaona and Edgar Ortiz-Malavassi and Rebecca Ostertag and Marielos Pe{\~n}a-Caros and P{\'e}rez-Garc{\'i}a, {Eduardo A.} and Daniel Piotto and Powers, {Jennifer S.} and Jos{\'e} Aguilar-Cano and Susana Rodriguez-Buritica and Jorge Rodr{\'i}guez-Vel{\'a}zquez and Romero-Romero, {Marco Antonio} and Jorge Ru{\'i}z and Arturo Sanchez-Azofeifa and {De Almeida}, {Arlete Silva} and Silver, {Whendee L.} and Schwartz, {Naomi B.} and Thomas, {William Wayt} and Marisol Toledo and Maria Uriarte and {De S{\'a} Sampaio}, {Everardo Valadares} and {van Breugel}, Michiel and {van der Wal}, Hans and Martins, {Sebasti{\~a}o Ven{\^a}ncio} and Veloso, {Maria D.M.} and Vester, {Hans F.M.} and Alberto Vicentini and Vieira, {Ima C.G.} and Pedro Villa and G.B. Williamson and Zanini, {K{\'a}tia J.} and Jess Zimmerman and Lourens Poorter",
year = "2019",
month = "3",
day = "6",
doi = "10.1126/sciadv.aau3114",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
journal = "Science Advances",
issn = "2375-2548",
publisher = "American Association for the Advancement of Science",
number = "3",

}

Rozendaal, DMA, Bongers, F, Aide, TM, Alvarez-Dávila, E, Ascarrunz, N, Balvanera, P, Becknell, JM, Bentos, TV, Brancalion, PHS, Cabral, GAL, Calvo-Rodriguez, S, Chave, J, César, RG, Chazdon, RL, Condit, R, Dallinga, JS, De Almeida-Cortez, JS, de Jong, B, De Oliveira, A, Denslow, JS, Dent, DH, Dewalt, SJ, Dupuy, JM, Durán, SM, Dutrieux, LP, Espírito-Santo, MM, Fandino, MC, Fernandes, GW, Finegan, B, García, H, Gonzalez, N, Moser, VG, Hall, JS, Hernández-Stefanoni, JL, Hubbell, S, Jakovac, CC, Hernández, AJ, Junqueira, AB, Kennard, D, Larpin, D, Letcher, SG, Licona, J-C, Lebrija-trejos, E, Marín-Spiotta, E, Martínez-Ramos, M, Massoca, PES, Meave, JA, Mesquita, RCG, Mora, F, Müller, SC, Muñoz, R, De Oliveira Neto, SN, Norden, N, Nunes, YRF, Ochoa-Gaona, S, Ortiz-Malavassi, E, Ostertag, R, Peña-Caros, M, Pérez-García, EA, Piotto, D, Powers, JS, Aguilar-Cano, J, Rodriguez-Buritica, S, Rodríguez-Velázquez, J, Romero-Romero, MA, Ruíz, J, Sanchez-Azofeifa, A, De Almeida, AS, Silver, WL, Schwartz, NB, Thomas, WW, Toledo, M, Uriarte, M, De Sá Sampaio, EV, van Breugel, M, van der Wal, H, Martins, SV, Veloso, MDM, Vester, HFM, Vicentini, A, Vieira, ICG, Villa, P, Williamson, GB, Zanini, KJ, Zimmerman, J & Poorter, L 2019, 'Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests', Science Advances, vol. 5, no. 3, eaau3114. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau3114

Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests. / Rozendaal, Danaë M.A.; Bongers, Frans; Aide, T.M.; Alvarez-Dávila, Esteban; Ascarrunz, Nataly; Balvanera, Patricia; Becknell, Justin M.; Bentos, Tony V.; Brancalion, Pedro H.S.; Cabral, George A.L.; Calvo-Rodriguez, Sofia; Chave, Jerome; César, Ricardo G.; Chazdon, Robin L.; Condit, Richard; Dallinga, Jorn S.; De Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S.; de Jong, Ben; De Oliveira, Alexandre; Denslow, Julie S.; Dent, Daisy H.; Dewalt, Saara J.; Dupuy, Juan Manuel; Durán, Sandra M.; Dutrieux, Loïc P.; Espírito-Santo, Mario M.; Fandino, María C.; Fernandes, G.W.; Finegan, Bryan; García, Hernando; Gonzalez, Noel; Moser, Vanessa Granda; Hall, Jefferson S.; Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis; Hubbell, Stephen; Jakovac, Catarina C.; Hernández, Alma Johanna; Junqueira, André B.; Kennard, Deborah; Larpin, Denis; Letcher, Susan G.; Licona, Juan-Carlos; Lebrija-trejos, Edwin; Marín-Spiotta, Erika; Martínez-Ramos, Miguel; Massoca, Paulo E.S.; Meave, Jorge A.; Mesquita, Rita C.G.; Mora, Francisco; Müller, Sandra C.; Muñoz, Rodrigo; De Oliveira Neto, Silvio Nolasco; Norden, Natalia; Nunes, Yule R.F.; Ochoa-Gaona, Susana; Ortiz-Malavassi, Edgar; Ostertag, Rebecca; Peña-Caros, Marielos; Pérez-García, Eduardo A.; Piotto, Daniel; Powers, Jennifer S.; Aguilar-Cano, José; Rodriguez-Buritica, Susana; Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge; Romero-Romero, Marco Antonio; Ruíz, Jorge; Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo; De Almeida, Arlete Silva; Silver, Whendee L.; Schwartz, Naomi B.; Thomas, William Wayt; Toledo, Marisol; Uriarte, Maria; De Sá Sampaio, Everardo Valadares; van Breugel, Michiel; van der Wal, Hans; Martins, Sebastião Venâncio; Veloso, Maria D.M.; Vester, Hans F.M.; Vicentini, Alberto; Vieira, Ima C.G.; Villa, Pedro; Williamson, G.B.; Zanini, Kátia J.; Zimmerman, Jess; Poorter, Lourens.

In: Science Advances, Vol. 5, No. 3, eaau3114, 06.03.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests

AU - Rozendaal, Danaë M.A.

AU - Bongers, Frans

AU - Aide, T.M.

AU - Alvarez-Dávila, Esteban

AU - Ascarrunz, Nataly

AU - Balvanera, Patricia

AU - Becknell, Justin M.

AU - Bentos, Tony V.

AU - Brancalion, Pedro H.S.

AU - Cabral, George A.L.

AU - Calvo-Rodriguez, Sofia

AU - Chave, Jerome

AU - César, Ricardo G.

AU - Chazdon, Robin L.

AU - Condit, Richard

AU - Dallinga, Jorn S.

AU - De Almeida-Cortez, Jarcilene S.

AU - de Jong, Ben

AU - De Oliveira, Alexandre

AU - Denslow, Julie S.

AU - Dent, Daisy H.

AU - Dewalt, Saara J.

AU - Dupuy, Juan Manuel

AU - Durán, Sandra M.

AU - Dutrieux, Loïc P.

AU - Espírito-Santo, Mario M.

AU - Fandino, María C.

AU - Fernandes, G.W.

AU - Finegan, Bryan

AU - García, Hernando

AU - Gonzalez, Noel

AU - Moser, Vanessa Granda

AU - Hall, Jefferson S.

AU - Hernández-Stefanoni, José Luis

AU - Hubbell, Stephen

AU - Jakovac, Catarina C.

AU - Hernández, Alma Johanna

AU - Junqueira, André B.

AU - Kennard, Deborah

AU - Larpin, Denis

AU - Letcher, Susan G.

AU - Licona, Juan-Carlos

AU - Lebrija-trejos, Edwin

AU - Marín-Spiotta, Erika

AU - Martínez-Ramos, Miguel

AU - Massoca, Paulo E.S.

AU - Meave, Jorge A.

AU - Mesquita, Rita C.G.

AU - Mora, Francisco

AU - Müller, Sandra C.

AU - Muñoz, Rodrigo

AU - De Oliveira Neto, Silvio Nolasco

AU - Norden, Natalia

AU - Nunes, Yule R.F.

AU - Ochoa-Gaona, Susana

AU - Ortiz-Malavassi, Edgar

AU - Ostertag, Rebecca

AU - Peña-Caros, Marielos

AU - Pérez-García, Eduardo A.

AU - Piotto, Daniel

AU - Powers, Jennifer S.

AU - Aguilar-Cano, José

AU - Rodriguez-Buritica, Susana

AU - Rodríguez-Velázquez, Jorge

AU - Romero-Romero, Marco Antonio

AU - Ruíz, Jorge

AU - Sanchez-Azofeifa, Arturo

AU - De Almeida, Arlete Silva

AU - Silver, Whendee L.

AU - Schwartz, Naomi B.

AU - Thomas, William Wayt

AU - Toledo, Marisol

AU - Uriarte, Maria

AU - De Sá Sampaio, Everardo Valadares

AU - van Breugel, Michiel

AU - van der Wal, Hans

AU - Martins, Sebastião Venâncio

AU - Veloso, Maria D.M.

AU - Vester, Hans F.M.

AU - Vicentini, Alberto

AU - Vieira, Ima C.G.

AU - Villa, Pedro

AU - Williamson, G.B.

AU - Zanini, Kátia J.

AU - Zimmerman, Jess

AU - Poorter, Lourens

PY - 2019/3/6

Y1 - 2019/3/6

N2 - Old-growth tropical forests harbor an immense diversity of tree species but are rapidly being cleared, while secondary forests that regrow on abandoned agricultural lands increase in extent. We assess how tree species richness and composition recover during secondary succession across gradients in environmental conditions and anthropogenic disturbance in an unprecedented multisite analysis for the Neotropics. Secondary forests recover remarkably fast in species richness but slowly in species composition. Secondary forests take a median time of five decades to recover the species richness of old-growth forest (80% recovery after 20 years) based on rarefaction analysis. Full recovery of species composition takes centuries (only 34% recovery after 20 years). A dual strategy that maintains both old-growth forests and species-rich secondary forests is therefore crucial for biodiversity conservation in human-modified tropical landscapes.

AB - Old-growth tropical forests harbor an immense diversity of tree species but are rapidly being cleared, while secondary forests that regrow on abandoned agricultural lands increase in extent. We assess how tree species richness and composition recover during secondary succession across gradients in environmental conditions and anthropogenic disturbance in an unprecedented multisite analysis for the Neotropics. Secondary forests recover remarkably fast in species richness but slowly in species composition. Secondary forests take a median time of five decades to recover the species richness of old-growth forest (80% recovery after 20 years) based on rarefaction analysis. Full recovery of species composition takes centuries (only 34% recovery after 20 years). A dual strategy that maintains both old-growth forests and species-rich secondary forests is therefore crucial for biodiversity conservation in human-modified tropical landscapes.

U2 - 10.1126/sciadv.aau3114

DO - 10.1126/sciadv.aau3114

M3 - Article

VL - 5

JO - Science Advances

JF - Science Advances

SN - 2375-2548

IS - 3

M1 - eaau3114

ER -

Rozendaal DMA, Bongers F, Aide TM, Alvarez-Dávila E, Ascarrunz N, Balvanera P et al. Biodiversity recovery of Neotropical secondary forests. Science Advances. 2019 Mar 6;5(3). eaau3114. https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau3114