Biodiversity and the functioning of tropical forests

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

Abstract

Tropical forests are the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems. Moreover, their capacity for removal of carbon from the atmosphere makes them important for climate change mitigation. Theories predict that species use resources in a different way, and therefore high species diversity would result in more efficient resource use and higher total carbon removal. These theories, however, have yet not been clearly demonstrated for tropical forests. In this thesis, I evaluated how biodiversity of plants and their traits influenced carbon removal. I used data collected in different tropical forest types and at different spatial and temporal scales. I found that biodiversity was important for carbon removal especially at large spatial scales (e.g. the Amazon) where biodiversity varies strongly, and at long temporal scales (e.g. >200 years) where high biodiversity functions as a buffer for changing environmental conditions. In this way biodiversity contributes to long-term stable forests and a safe climate.

 

LanguageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Wageningen University
Supervisors/Advisors
  • Poorter, Lourens, Promotor
  • Pena Claros, Marielos, Co-promotor
  • Arets, Eric, Co-promotor
Award date6 Jul 2016
Place of PublicationWageningen
Publisher
Print ISBNs9789462578029
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

tropical forest
biodiversity
carbon
resource use
terrestrial ecosystem
species diversity
environmental conditions
removal
atmosphere
climate

Keywords

  • tropical forests
  • biodiversity
  • forest ecology
  • forest management
  • climatic change

Cite this

van der Sande, M.T.. / Biodiversity and the functioning of tropical forests. Wageningen : Wageningen University, 2016. 282 p.
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title = "Biodiversity and the functioning of tropical forests",
abstract = "Tropical forests are the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems. Moreover, their capacity for removal of carbon from the atmosphere makes them important for climate change mitigation. Theories predict that species use resources in a different way, and therefore high species diversity would result in more efficient resource use and higher total carbon removal. These theories, however, have yet not been clearly demonstrated for tropical forests. In this thesis, I evaluated how biodiversity of plants and their traits influenced carbon removal. I used data collected in different tropical forest types and at different spatial and temporal scales. I found that biodiversity was important for carbon removal especially at large spatial scales (e.g. the Amazon) where biodiversity varies strongly, and at long temporal scales (e.g. >200 years) where high biodiversity functions as a buffer for changing environmental conditions. In this way biodiversity contributes to long-term stable forests and a safe climate.  ",
keywords = "tropical forests, biodiversity, forest ecology, forest management, climatic change, tropische bossen, biodiversiteit, bosecologie, bosbedrijfsvoering, klimaatverandering",
author = "{van der Sande}, M.T.",
note = "WU thesis 6414",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.18174/380256",
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school = "Wageningen University",

}

van der Sande, MT 2016, 'Biodiversity and the functioning of tropical forests', Doctor of Philosophy, Wageningen University, Wageningen. https://doi.org/10.18174/380256

Biodiversity and the functioning of tropical forests. / van der Sande, M.T.

Wageningen : Wageningen University, 2016. 282 p.

Research output: Thesisinternal PhD, WUAcademic

TY - THES

T1 - Biodiversity and the functioning of tropical forests

AU - van der Sande, M.T.

N1 - WU thesis 6414

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Tropical forests are the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems. Moreover, their capacity for removal of carbon from the atmosphere makes them important for climate change mitigation. Theories predict that species use resources in a different way, and therefore high species diversity would result in more efficient resource use and higher total carbon removal. These theories, however, have yet not been clearly demonstrated for tropical forests. In this thesis, I evaluated how biodiversity of plants and their traits influenced carbon removal. I used data collected in different tropical forest types and at different spatial and temporal scales. I found that biodiversity was important for carbon removal especially at large spatial scales (e.g. the Amazon) where biodiversity varies strongly, and at long temporal scales (e.g. >200 years) where high biodiversity functions as a buffer for changing environmental conditions. In this way biodiversity contributes to long-term stable forests and a safe climate.  

AB - Tropical forests are the most diverse terrestrial ecosystems. Moreover, their capacity for removal of carbon from the atmosphere makes them important for climate change mitigation. Theories predict that species use resources in a different way, and therefore high species diversity would result in more efficient resource use and higher total carbon removal. These theories, however, have yet not been clearly demonstrated for tropical forests. In this thesis, I evaluated how biodiversity of plants and their traits influenced carbon removal. I used data collected in different tropical forest types and at different spatial and temporal scales. I found that biodiversity was important for carbon removal especially at large spatial scales (e.g. the Amazon) where biodiversity varies strongly, and at long temporal scales (e.g. >200 years) where high biodiversity functions as a buffer for changing environmental conditions. In this way biodiversity contributes to long-term stable forests and a safe climate.  

KW - tropical forests

KW - biodiversity

KW - forest ecology

KW - forest management

KW - climatic change

KW - tropische bossen

KW - biodiversiteit

KW - bosecologie

KW - bosbedrijfsvoering

KW - klimaatverandering

U2 - 10.18174/380256

DO - 10.18174/380256

M3 - internal PhD, WU

SN - 9789462578029

PB - Wageningen University

CY - Wageningen

ER -