Biodiversiteit in de Zuidwestelijke Delta

J.H.J. Schaminée, J.A.M. Janssen, R. Kwak, G.J.J.M. Litjens, J.P.M. Mulder, B. Roels, S.R. Smith, B. Walles, A. van Winden, H.V. Winter, T. Ysebaert

Research output: Book/ReportReportProfessional

Abstract

Biodiversiteit in de Zuidwestelijke Delta offers an evidence-based, historic reference for nature in the South-western Delta of the Netherlands, in the period before the Delta Works. It describes the trends over the last century in bird populations, sea mammals, anadrome fishes, marine benthos, vascular plants and plant communities, as well as the major underlying processes. It is concluded that hardly any species has disappeared, whereas quite a number of new species have arrived. However, the new-comers are generalists, while indicators of the estuarine environment are under stress. Important changes are: a decline in estuarine habitat for plants and animals, a large decrease of tidal dynamics, a disappearance of gradients between saline and freshwater environment, and a severe loss of connectivity between the different water bodies. The construction polders over time has caused a direct loss of intertidal habitat. For a sustainable future the availability of sediment and estuarine dynamics are prerequisites.
Original languageDutch
Place of PublicationWageningen
PublisherWageningen Environmental Research
Number of pages330
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameWageningen Environmental Research rapport
No.2942
ISSN (Print)1566-7197

Cite this

Schaminée, J. H. J., Janssen, J. A. M., Kwak, R., Litjens, G. J. J. M., Mulder, J. P. M., Roels, B., ... Ysebaert, T. (2019). Biodiversiteit in de Zuidwestelijke Delta. (Wageningen Environmental Research rapport; No. 2942). Wageningen: Wageningen Environmental Research. https://doi.org/10.18174/475540