Biocatalytic potential of laccase-like multicopper oxidases from Aspergillus niger

J.A. Tamayo Ramos, W.J.H. van Berkel, L.H. de Graaff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Laccase-like multicopper oxidases have been reported in several Aspergillus species but they remain uncharacterized. The biocatalytic potential of the Aspergillus niger fungal pigment multicopper oxidases McoA and McoB and ascomycete laccase McoG was investigated. RESULTS: The laccase-like multicopper oxidases McoA, McoB and McoG from the commonly used cell factory Aspergillus niger were homologously expressed, purified and analyzed for their biocatalytic potential. All three recombinant enzymes were monomers with apparent molecular masses ranging from 80 to 110 kDa. McoA and McoG resulted to be blue, whereas McoB was yellow. The newly obtained oxidases displayed strongly different activities towards aromatic compounds and synthetic dyes. McoB exhibited high catalytic efficiency with N,N-dimethyl-p-phenylenediamine (DMPPDA) and 2,2-azino-di(3-ethylbenzthiazoline) sulfonic acid (ABTS), and appeared to be a promising biocatalyst. Besides oxidizing a variety of phenolic compounds, McoB catalyzed successfully the decolorization and detoxification of the widely used textile dye malachite green. CONCLUSIONS: The A. niger McoA, McoB, and McoG enzymes showed clearly different catalytic properties. Yellow McoB showed broad substrate specificity, catalyzing the oxidation of several phenolic compounds commonly present in different industrial effluents. It also harbored high decolorization and detoxification activity with the synthetic dye malachite green, showing to have an interesting potential as a new industrial biocatalyst
Original languageEnglish
Article number165
Number of pages11
JournalMicrobial Cell Factories
Volume11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Keywords

  • malachite green
  • fungal laccases
  • yellow laccase
  • phanerochaete-chrysosporium
  • pleurotus-ostreatus
  • filamentous fungi
  • blue
  • degradation
  • expression
  • nidulans

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