Direct and selective terminal oxidation of medium-chain n-alkanes is a major challenge in chemistry. Efforts to achieve this have so far resulted in low specificity and overoxidized products. Biocatalytic oxidation of medium-chain n-alkanes – with for example the alkane monooxygenase AlkB from P. putida GPo1- on the other hand is highly selective. However, it also results in overoxidation. Moreover, diterminal oxidation of medium-chain n-alkanes is inefficient. Hence, α,ω-bifunctional monomers are mostly produced from olefins using energy intensive, multi-step processes. By combining biocatalytic oxidation with esterification we drastically increased diterminal oxidation upto 92 mol% and reduced overoxidation to 3% for n-hexane. This methodology allowed us to convert medium-chain n-alkanes into α,ω-diacetoxyalkanes and esterified α,ω-dicarboxylic acids. We achieved this in a one-pot reaction with resting-cell suspensions of genetically engineered Escherichia coli. The combination of terminal oxidation and esterification constitutes a versatile toolbox to produce α,ω-bifunctional monomers from n-alkanes.
- Whole-cell biocatalysis
- α,ω-dicarboxylic acids
van Nuland, Y. M., de Vogel, F. A., Scott, E. L., Eggink, G., & Weusthuis, R. A. (2017). Biocatalytic, one-pot diterminal oxidation and esterification of n-alkanes for production of α,ω-diol and α,ω-dicarboxylic acid esters. Metabolic Engineering, 44, 134-142. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ymben.2017.10.005