Bioavailability of Genistein and Its Glycoside Genistin As Measured in the Portal Vein of Freely Moving Unanesthetized Rats

A. Steensma, M. Faassen, H.P.J.M. Noteborn, I.M.C.M. Rietjens

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study describes an in vivo bioavailability experiment for genistein and its glycoside genistin, either as pure compounds or from a soy protein isolate extract, using freely moving unanesthetized rats with a cannulation in the portal vein. The results show that genistein is readily bioavailable, being observed in portal vein plasma at the first point of detection at 15 min after dosing. The AUC0-24h values for total genistein and its conjugates were 54, 24, and 13 ¿M h for genistein, genistin, and an enriched protein soy extract, respectively. These results indicate that the bioavailability of genistein is higher for the aglycon than for its glycoside. Genistin is partly absorbed in its glycosidic form. It is concluded that bioavailability studies based on portal vein plasma levels contribute to insight into the role of the intestine and liver in deglycosylation and uptake characteristics of glycosylated flavonoids
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8006-8012
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • purified soy isoflavones
  • small-intestine
  • postmenopausal women
  • pharmacokinetics
  • absorption
  • cancer
  • glucosides
  • daidzein
  • humans
  • health

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