Binding of small interfering RNA molecules is crucial for RNA interference suppressor activity of rice hoja blanca virus NS3 in plants

J.C. Hemmes, L. Kaaij, H. Lohuis, M.W. Prins, R.W. Goldbach, E. Schnettler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The NS3 protein of rice hoja blanca tenuivirus represents a viral suppressor of RNAi that sequesters small interfering (si)RNAs in vitro. To determine whether this siRNA binding property is the critical determinant for the suppressor activity of NS3, an alanine point mutational analysis was performed and the resulting mutant proteins were tested for both siRNA binding ability and RNAi suppressor activity in plants. Alanine substitutions of lysine residues at position 173-175 resulted in mutant proteins that lost both their affinity for siRNAs and their RNAi suppressor activity in planta. This indicates that siRNA binding of NS3 is indeed essential for the suppressor function of NS3 and that residues at position 173-175 are involved in the siRNA binding and suppressor activity
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1762-1766
JournalJournal of General Virology
Volume90
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Keywords

  • influenza-a virus
  • antiviral immunity
  • protein
  • tenuivirus
  • induction
  • pathways
  • strategy
  • domain

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