Big data integration: Pan-European fungal species observations' assembly for addressing contemporary questions in ecology and global change biology

Carrie Andrew, Einar Heegaard, Paul M. Kirk, Claus Bässler, Jacob Heilmann-Clausen, Irmgard Krisai-Greilhuber, Thomas Kuijper, Beatrice Senn-Irlet, Ulf Büntgen, Håvard Kauserud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Species occurrence observations are increasingly available for scientific analyses through citizen science projects and digitization of museum records, representing a largely untapped ecological resource. When combined with open-source data, there is unparalleled potential for understanding many aspects of the ecology and biogeography of organisms. Here we describe the process of assembling a pan-European mycological meta-database (ClimFun) and integrating it with open-source data to advance the fields of macroecology and biogeography against a backdrop of global change. Initially 7.3 million unique fungal species fruit body records, spanning nine countries, were processed and assembled into 6 million records of more than 10,000 species. This is an extraordinary amount of fungal data to address macro-ecological questions. We provide two examples of fungal species with different life histories, one ectomycorrhizal and one wood decaying, to demonstrate how such continental-scale meta-databases can offer unique insights into climate change effects on fungal phenology and fruiting patterns in recent decades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-98
JournalFungal Biology Reviews
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • Biogeography
  • Citizen science
  • Fungi
  • Global change
  • Meta-database
  • Open-source

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