Beyond plastic – Consumers prefer food packaging derived from genetically modified plants

Ursula Weisenfeld*, Antoniya Hauerwaas, Ossama Elshiewy, Pradipta Halder, Justus Wesseler, Kutay Cingiz, Inge Broer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


The technology of genetically modified organisms (GMO) and especially genetically modified plants (GMP) applied in agriculture is a key element in a bioeconomy-based sustainability transition. However, consumers in many European countries allegedly disapprove of ‘green biotechnology’. Drawing on innovation adoption and risk perception literature, we explore the acceptance of GMP-based food packaging. Fossil-fuel-based production and plastic waste have become a major concern in many societies, and GMP-based technologies might offer solutions. Taking fully degradable material based on GMP as an example to replace conventional plastic in many applications, we present new insights into the GMP debate using a choice-based conjoint analysis in four European countries. Our results show that GMP-based packaging material is preferred to conventional plastic packaging in all countries. We present implications for research policies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104883
JournalResearch Policy
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023


  • Bioeconomy
  • Europe
  • Genetically modified plants
  • Innovation adoption
  • Plastic packaging
  • Risk perception


Dive into the research topics of 'Beyond plastic – Consumers prefer food packaging derived from genetically modified plants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this