Beyond agrification : twenty five years of policy and innovation for non-food application of renewable resources in the Netherlands

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The first part of this review describes policy developments in the Netherlands since the 1980s around innovations for non-food application of renewable resources. Next, these developments are analyzed using the Strategic Niche Management (SNM) theory. The drivers at the regime level and the quality of the processes at the niche level have increased considerably in the last number of years. The trend toward a much wider use of renewable resources for non-food applications thus seems more robust than it was in the previous century. From the SNM analysis, we derive a number of recommendations for policy-makers active in this field. We also present a previously unpublished stakeholder study performed in 2000 on the factors of success for innovations in this field, and derive from this study recommendations for innovators active in the field.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)343-357
JournalBiofuels Bioproducts and Biorefining
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2008


  • biobased economy
  • policy
  • innovations
  • agricultural development
  • agribusiness
  • netherlands
  • renewable resources
  • dutch electricity regime
  • fibers
  • flax

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