The Agrotis segetum granulovirus (AgseGV) F protein was previously identified as the first betabaculovirus F protein with functional homology to Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) GP64. In the current study, F proteins from Xestia c-nigrum granulovirus (XecnGV), Cydia pomonella granulovirus (CpGV), Phthorimaea operculella granulovirus (PhopGV), Choristoneura occidentalis granulovirus (ChocGV) and Plutella xylostella GV (PlxyGV) were studied for their ability to rescue the infectivity of gp64-null AcMNPV. Our results showed that most studied betabaculovirus F proteins could replace the function of AcMNPV GP64, however, their efficiencies to rescue the infectivity of gp64-null AcMNPV were substantially different. PlxyF, although fusogenic, was the only protein that failed to substitute the function of AcMNPV GP64. Further studies using Sf9(0p1D) cell line showed that PlxyF appeared to be properly incorporated into AcMNPV virions and underwent correct post-translational cleavage and N-linked glycosylation. However, the gp64-null AcMNPV containing PlxyF could not be propagated in either Sf9 or P. xylostella cells.
- envelope fusion protein
- armigera single nucleopolyhedrovirus
- granulovirus genome
- multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus
- multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus
- baculovirus gp64