Benthic biodiversity on old platforms, young wind farms, and rocky reefs

Joop W.P. Coolen, Babeth Van Der Weide, Joël Cuperus, Maxime Blomberg, Godfried W.N.M. Van Moorsel, Marco A. Faasse, Oscar G. Bos, Steven Degraer, Han J. Lindeboom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The introduction of artificial hard substrates in an area dominated by a sandy seabed increases habitat available to epifouling organisms. To investigate this, samples were taken on old offshore oil and gas platforms, and data were compared with data of a young wind farm and a natural reef. Depth, sampling date, abundance of Mytilus edulis, Psammechinus miliaris, Metridium dianthus, and the presence of Tubulariidae and substrate (rock or steel) all correlated with species richness. Multivariate analysis showed a large overlap in communities on steel and rock and between the wind farm and platforms. The community changed over a gradient from deep rocks to shallow steel substrate, but no strong community differentiation was observed. Deep steel was more similar to natural rocks than shallow steel. When an artificial reef is intended to be colonized by communities similar to those on a natural reef, its structure should resemble a natural reef as much as possible.
LanguageEnglish
Article numberfsy092
Number of pages16
JournalICES Journal of Marine Science
Volume2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jul 2018

Fingerprint

wind farm
steel
reefs
reef
biodiversity
rocks
substrate
rock
gas platform
oil platform
Dianthus
artificial reefs
artificial reef
Mytilus edulis
multivariate analysis
species richness
young
wind farms
gases
sampling

Keywords

  • Benthos
  • marine growth
  • platforms
  • reef
  • species richness
  • wind farm

Cite this

Coolen, Joop W.P. ; Van Der Weide, Babeth ; Cuperus, Joël ; Blomberg, Maxime ; Van Moorsel, Godfried W.N.M. ; Faasse, Marco A. ; Bos, Oscar G. ; Degraer, Steven ; Lindeboom, Han J. / Benthic biodiversity on old platforms, young wind farms, and rocky reefs. In: ICES Journal of Marine Science. 2018 ; Vol. 2018.
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abstract = "The introduction of artificial hard substrates in an area dominated by a sandy seabed increases habitat available to epifouling organisms. To investigate this, samples were taken on old offshore oil and gas platforms, and data were compared with data of a young wind farm and a natural reef. Depth, sampling date, abundance of Mytilus edulis, Psammechinus miliaris, Metridium dianthus, and the presence of Tubulariidae and substrate (rock or steel) all correlated with species richness. Multivariate analysis showed a large overlap in communities on steel and rock and between the wind farm and platforms. The community changed over a gradient from deep rocks to shallow steel substrate, but no strong community differentiation was observed. Deep steel was more similar to natural rocks than shallow steel. When an artificial reef is intended to be colonized by communities similar to those on a natural reef, its structure should resemble a natural reef as much as possible.",
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Benthic biodiversity on old platforms, young wind farms, and rocky reefs. / Coolen, Joop W.P.; Van Der Weide, Babeth; Cuperus, Joël; Blomberg, Maxime; Van Moorsel, Godfried W.N.M.; Faasse, Marco A.; Bos, Oscar G.; Degraer, Steven; Lindeboom, Han J.

In: ICES Journal of Marine Science, Vol. 2018, fsy092, 23.07.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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AU - Coolen, Joop W.P.

AU - Van Der Weide, Babeth

AU - Cuperus, Joël

AU - Blomberg, Maxime

AU - Van Moorsel, Godfried W.N.M.

AU - Faasse, Marco A.

AU - Bos, Oscar G.

AU - Degraer, Steven

AU - Lindeboom, Han J.

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