Beneficial effect of personalized lifestyle advice compared to generic advice on wellbeing among Dutch seniors – An explorative study

Esmée L. Doets, Iris M. de Hoogh*, Nancy Holthuysen, Suzan Wopereis, Muriel C.D. Verain, Jos van den Puttelaar, Koen Hogenelst, André Boorsma, Emily P. Bouwman, Marielle Timmer, Wilrike J. Pasman, Marjan van Erk, Machiel J. Reinders

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

The aim of this explorative study is to evaluate whether personalized compared to generic lifestyle advice improves wellbeing in a senior population. We conducted a nine-week single-blind randomized controlled trial including 59 participants (age 67.7 ± 4.8 years) from Wageningen and its surrounding areas in the Netherlands. Three times during the intervention period, participants received either personalized advice (PA), or generic advice (GA) to improve lifestyle behavior. Personalization was based on metabolic health measures and dietary intake resulting in an advice that highlighted food groups and physical activity types for which behavior change was most urgent. Before and after the intervention period self-perceived health was evaluated as parameter of wellbeing using a self-perceived health score (single-item) and two questionnaires (Vita-16 and Short Form-12). Additionally, anthropometry and physical functioning (short physical performance battery, SPPB) were assessed. Overall scores for self-perceived health did not change over time in any group. Resilience and motivation (Vita-16) slightly improved only in the PA group, whilst mental health (SF-12) and energy (Vita-16) showed slight improvement only in the GA group. SPPB scores improved over time in both the PA and GA group. PA participants also showed a reduction in body fat percentage and hip circumference, whereas these parameters increased in the GA group Our findings suggest that although no clear effects on wellbeing were found, still, at least on the short term, personalized advice may evoke health benefits in a population of seniors as compared to generic advice.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112642
JournalPhysiology and Behavior
Volume210
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 2019

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Life Style
Health
Anthropometry
Insurance Benefits
Netherlands
Population
Adipose Tissue
Hip
Motivation
Mental Health
Randomized Controlled Trials
Food

Keywords

  • Lifestyle behavior
  • Muscle health
  • Older adults
  • Personalized nutrition
  • Web-based feedback
  • Wellbeing

Cite this

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title = "Beneficial effect of personalized lifestyle advice compared to generic advice on wellbeing among Dutch seniors – An explorative study",
abstract = "The aim of this explorative study is to evaluate whether personalized compared to generic lifestyle advice improves wellbeing in a senior population. We conducted a nine-week single-blind randomized controlled trial including 59 participants (age 67.7 ± 4.8 years) from Wageningen and its surrounding areas in the Netherlands. Three times during the intervention period, participants received either personalized advice (PA), or generic advice (GA) to improve lifestyle behavior. Personalization was based on metabolic health measures and dietary intake resulting in an advice that highlighted food groups and physical activity types for which behavior change was most urgent. Before and after the intervention period self-perceived health was evaluated as parameter of wellbeing using a self-perceived health score (single-item) and two questionnaires (Vita-16 and Short Form-12). Additionally, anthropometry and physical functioning (short physical performance battery, SPPB) were assessed. Overall scores for self-perceived health did not change over time in any group. Resilience and motivation (Vita-16) slightly improved only in the PA group, whilst mental health (SF-12) and energy (Vita-16) showed slight improvement only in the GA group. SPPB scores improved over time in both the PA and GA group. PA participants also showed a reduction in body fat percentage and hip circumference, whereas these parameters increased in the GA group Our findings suggest that although no clear effects on wellbeing were found, still, at least on the short term, personalized advice may evoke health benefits in a population of seniors as compared to generic advice.",
keywords = "Lifestyle behavior, Muscle health, Older adults, Personalized nutrition, Web-based feedback, Wellbeing",
author = "Doets, {Esm{\'e}e L.} and {de Hoogh}, {Iris M.} and Nancy Holthuysen and Suzan Wopereis and Verain, {Muriel C.D.} and {van den Puttelaar}, Jos and Koen Hogenelst and Andr{\'e} Boorsma and Bouwman, {Emily P.} and Marielle Timmer and Pasman, {Wilrike J.} and {van Erk}, Marjan and Reinders, {Machiel J.}",
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language = "English",
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Beneficial effect of personalized lifestyle advice compared to generic advice on wellbeing among Dutch seniors – An explorative study. / Doets, Esmée L.; de Hoogh, Iris M.; Holthuysen, Nancy; Wopereis, Suzan; Verain, Muriel C.D.; van den Puttelaar, Jos; Hogenelst, Koen; Boorsma, André; Bouwman, Emily P.; Timmer, Marielle; Pasman, Wilrike J.; van Erk, Marjan; Reinders, Machiel J.

In: Physiology and Behavior, Vol. 210, 112642, 15.10.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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T1 - Beneficial effect of personalized lifestyle advice compared to generic advice on wellbeing among Dutch seniors – An explorative study

AU - Doets, Esmée L.

AU - de Hoogh, Iris M.

AU - Holthuysen, Nancy

AU - Wopereis, Suzan

AU - Verain, Muriel C.D.

AU - van den Puttelaar, Jos

AU - Hogenelst, Koen

AU - Boorsma, André

AU - Bouwman, Emily P.

AU - Timmer, Marielle

AU - Pasman, Wilrike J.

AU - van Erk, Marjan

AU - Reinders, Machiel J.

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N2 - The aim of this explorative study is to evaluate whether personalized compared to generic lifestyle advice improves wellbeing in a senior population. We conducted a nine-week single-blind randomized controlled trial including 59 participants (age 67.7 ± 4.8 years) from Wageningen and its surrounding areas in the Netherlands. Three times during the intervention period, participants received either personalized advice (PA), or generic advice (GA) to improve lifestyle behavior. Personalization was based on metabolic health measures and dietary intake resulting in an advice that highlighted food groups and physical activity types for which behavior change was most urgent. Before and after the intervention period self-perceived health was evaluated as parameter of wellbeing using a self-perceived health score (single-item) and two questionnaires (Vita-16 and Short Form-12). Additionally, anthropometry and physical functioning (short physical performance battery, SPPB) were assessed. Overall scores for self-perceived health did not change over time in any group. Resilience and motivation (Vita-16) slightly improved only in the PA group, whilst mental health (SF-12) and energy (Vita-16) showed slight improvement only in the GA group. SPPB scores improved over time in both the PA and GA group. PA participants also showed a reduction in body fat percentage and hip circumference, whereas these parameters increased in the GA group Our findings suggest that although no clear effects on wellbeing were found, still, at least on the short term, personalized advice may evoke health benefits in a population of seniors as compared to generic advice.

AB - The aim of this explorative study is to evaluate whether personalized compared to generic lifestyle advice improves wellbeing in a senior population. We conducted a nine-week single-blind randomized controlled trial including 59 participants (age 67.7 ± 4.8 years) from Wageningen and its surrounding areas in the Netherlands. Three times during the intervention period, participants received either personalized advice (PA), or generic advice (GA) to improve lifestyle behavior. Personalization was based on metabolic health measures and dietary intake resulting in an advice that highlighted food groups and physical activity types for which behavior change was most urgent. Before and after the intervention period self-perceived health was evaluated as parameter of wellbeing using a self-perceived health score (single-item) and two questionnaires (Vita-16 and Short Form-12). Additionally, anthropometry and physical functioning (short physical performance battery, SPPB) were assessed. Overall scores for self-perceived health did not change over time in any group. Resilience and motivation (Vita-16) slightly improved only in the PA group, whilst mental health (SF-12) and energy (Vita-16) showed slight improvement only in the GA group. SPPB scores improved over time in both the PA and GA group. PA participants also showed a reduction in body fat percentage and hip circumference, whereas these parameters increased in the GA group Our findings suggest that although no clear effects on wellbeing were found, still, at least on the short term, personalized advice may evoke health benefits in a population of seniors as compared to generic advice.

KW - Lifestyle behavior

KW - Muscle health

KW - Older adults

KW - Personalized nutrition

KW - Web-based feedback

KW - Wellbeing

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DO - 10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.112642

M3 - Article

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JO - Physiology and Behavior

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