Behavioural development of piglets in farrowing crates and in a multi-suckling system

S.E. van Nieuwamerongen, A. Verspuy, N.M. Soede, J.E. Bolhuis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingAbstract

Abstract

Commercial use of group housing systems for lactating sows is limited, but the recent transition to group housing during gestation in the EU may result in a renewed interest in such systems. Multi-suckling (MS) systems, for instance, in which sows are grouped together with their litters, may provide a better transition from gestation housing. Additionally, MS housing may benefit piglet development compared with conventional housing in farrowing crates (FC), by stimulating play behaviour and, possibly, by reducing harmful oral manipulative behaviour directed at pen mates, e.g. tail and ear biting. In addition, piglet feed intake may be stimulated, especially when social learning of foraging behaviour is facilitated by use of a communal feeding area. Adaptation to solid feed during the suckling phase is important for a successful transition to the post-weaning period. One week before farrowing, 20 multiparous sows were allocated to the MS system or to farrowing crates (2 batches with 5 sows per system). MS sows farrowed in individual pens with 2 kg of straw and had access to a communal area (with feeding area) with 5 ropes and 5 hessian sacks throughout lactation. The piglets gained access from 1 week of age. Of 4 piglets per litter, frequencies of oral manipulation of sows and other piglets, play behaviour and foraging-related behaviour were recorded using 4×10 min. continuous behaviour sampling per week at 2, 3 and 4 weeks of age. Effects of housing system, week and their interaction were analysed with mixed models with batch nested within system as random effect, i.e. a replicate of 5 sows was the experimental unit. MS piglets played 2.6 times more often (7.0±0.3 vs. 2.7±0.5, P
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 48th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE)
EditorsI. Estevez, X. Manteca, R.H. Marin, X. Averós
Place of PublicationWageningen, The Netherlands
PublisherWageningen Academic Publishers
Pages283
ISBN (Print)9789086862450
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Event48th Congress ISAE, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain -
Duration: 29 Jul 20142 Aug 2014

Conference

Conference48th Congress ISAE, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain
Period29/07/142/08/14

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van Nieuwamerongen, S. E., Verspuy, A., Soede, N. M., & Bolhuis, J. E. (2014). Behavioural development of piglets in farrowing crates and in a multi-suckling system. In I. Estevez, X. Manteca, R. H. Marin, & X. Averós (Eds.), Proceedings of the 48th Congress of the International Society for Applied Ethology (ISAE) (pp. 283). Wageningen, The Netherlands: Wageningen Academic Publishers.