Behavioral avoidance threshold level of a harbor porpoise (Phocoena phocoena) for a continuous 50 kHz pure tone (L)

R.A. Kastelein, W.C. Verboom, N. Jennings, D. de Haan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The use of ultrasonic sounds in alarms for gillnets may be advantageous, but the deterring effects of ultrasound on porpoises are not well understood. Therefore a harbor porpoise in a large floating pen was subjected to a continuous 50 kHz pure tone with a source level of 122±3 dB (re 1 ¿Pa, rms). When the test signal was switched on during test periods, the animal moved away from the sound source. Its respiration rate was similar to that during baseline periods, when the sound was switched off. The behavior of the porpoise was related to the sound pressure level distribution in the pen. The sound level at the animal's average swimming location during the test periods was approximately 107±3 dB (re 1 ¿Pa, rms). The avoidance threshold sound pressure level for a continuous 50 kHz pure tone for this porpoise, in the context of this study, is estimated to be 108±3 dB (re 1 ¿Pa, rms). This study demonstrates that porpoises may be deterred from an area by high frequency sounds that are not typically audible to fish and pinnipeds and would be less likely masked by ambient noise. © 2008 Acoustical Society of America.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1858-1861
JournalJournal of the Acoustical Society of America
Volume123
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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