Banana-shaped side chain liquid crystalline siloxanes

R. Achten, A. Koudijs, M. Giesbers, R.A. Reddy, T. Verhulst, C. Tschierske, A.T.M. Marcelis, E.J.R. Sudhölter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Eight banana-shaped side chain liquid crystalline oligomers and polymers have been synthesized by hydrosilylation of vinyl-terminated bent-core mesogens with trimethylsilyl-terminated siloxanes. The synthesized oligomers and polymers, and their olefinic precursors, were investigated by polarizing optical microscopy (POM), differential scanning calorimetry, X-ray diffraction (XRD), electro-optical experiments and Maldi-Tof. The short-tailed olefins form a Colr mesophase, whereas those with longer chains exhibit the SmCPA mesophase. All the oligomers and polymers studied show liquid crystalline properties and do not crystallize upon cooling. Most oligomers with around four repeating siloxane units, show a lamellar (layer) structure and antiferroelectric switching properties, the SmCPA phase. XRD shows that the layer spacings are hardly influenced by the length of the terminal tails. The oligomer prepared from the smallest olefinic precursor, having the shortest alkyl tail, shows an XRD pattern reminiscent of a columnar phase, although POM displays domains of opposite chirality, and no switching behaviour could be detected. The polymers with around 35 repeating siloxane units are liquid crystalline, but due to their high viscosity a thorough characterization of the liquid crystalline phases was impossible
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)681-688
JournalLiquid Crystals
Volume33
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006

Keywords

  • bent-core mesogens
  • mesomorphic properties
  • achiral molecules
  • polar order
  • chirality
  • phases
  • units
  • polymers
  • design
  • field

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