Bacterial degradation of styrene involving a novel FAD-dependent styrene monooxygenase.

S. Hartmans, M.J. van der Werf, J.A.M. de Bont

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    Abstract

    By using styrene as the sole source of carbon and energy in concentrations of 10 to 500 microM, 14 strains of aerobic bacteria and two strains of fungi were isolated from various soil and water samples. In cell extracts of 11 of the bacterial isolates, a novel flavin adenine dinucleotide-requiring styrene monooxygenase activity that oxidized styrene to styrene oxide (phenyl oxirane) was detected. In one bacterial strain (S5), styrene metabolism was studied in more detail. In addition to styrene monooxygenase, cell extracts from strain S5 contained styrene oxide isomerase and phenylacetaldehyde dehydrogenase activities. A pathway for styrene degradation via styrene oxide and phenylacetaldehyde to phenylacetic acid is proposed.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1347-1351
    JournalApplied and Environmental Microbiology
    Volume56
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - 1990

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