Bacterial communities associated with Chenopodium album and Stellaria media seeds from arable soils

L.S. van Overbeek, A.C. Franke, E.H. Nijhuis, R.M.W. Groeneveld, U. Nunes da Rocha, L.A.P. Lotz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The bacterial community compositions in Chenopodium album and Stellaria media seeds recovered from soil (soil weed seedbank), from bulk soil, and from seeds harvested from plants grown in the same soils were compared. It was hypothesized that bacterial communities in soil weed seedbanks are distinct from the ones present in bulk soils. For that purpose, bacterial polymerase chain reaction denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR– DGGE) fingerprints, made from DNA extracts of different soils and seed fractions, were analyzed by principal component analysis. Bacterial fingerprints from C. album and S. media seeds differed from each other and from soil. Further, it revealed that bacterial fingerprints from soilrecovered and plant-harvested seeds from the same species clustered together. Hence, it was concluded that microbial communities associated with seeds in soil mostly originated from the mother plant and not from soil. In addition, the results indicated that the presence of a weed seedbank in arable soils can increase soil microbial diversity. Thus, a change in species composition or size of the soil weed seedbank, for instance, as a result of a change in crop management, could affect soil microbial diversity. The consequence of increased diversity is yet unknown, but by virtue of identification of dominant bands in PCR–DGGE fingerprints as Lysobacter oryzae (among four other species), it became clear that bacteria potentially antagonizing phytopathogens dominate in C. album seeds in soil. The role of these potential antagonists on weed and crop plant growth was discussed
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)257-264
JournalMicrobial Ecology
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Keywords

  • solanum-tuberosum l.
  • verrucomicrobia subdivision 1
  • 16s ribosomal-rna
  • microbial communities
  • microorganisms
  • rhizosphere
  • rhizobacteria
  • management
  • strains
  • banks

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